JORHAT LEH A CHHEHVEL

Jorhat hi kan awmna Barpathar atanga Km 80 vela hla a awm a ni a. Jorhat District khawpui a niin, Mihring 1.85 lakhs vel an cheng a, a zau zawng hi Sq. Kms 9 a ni.
NE-a khawpui thangchang ber pawl niin, Assamahchuan Guwahati dawttu a ni. Central sawrkar pawhin, “Two sunshine c ities” tiin Guwahati nen hian a sawi thin nghe nghe a ni.

Chhuahvahna hun remchang hi ngah viau mah ila, ka peih vak thin lo a. A tulnain min nan erawh chuan, darkar 20 chuang pawh motor kawngah hun kan hmang leh tho.

JORHAT CHU: Jorhat hi AHOM Lal ram khawpui hnuhnung ber a ni a. kum 1794 khan, Ahom lal Gaurinath Singha chuan, Sibsagar atang hian Jorhatah Ahom Lal ram khawpui ber chu a sawn a. Assamese hnam culture leh history hmun pawimawh tak a ni a, Cultural Capital of Assam tite pawhin an sawi hial thin a ni.
1817-1824 a Burma hoin vawi tam an run avangte, British 1824 a an lo lan avangte khan Jorhat khawpui hi a ram der mai a. British hoin Assam an han thut chhoh atangin mihring an khawsa leh tan a, Jorhat khawpui pawh hi a lo dingchhuak leh ta a ni.

Ni 29.10.2017 khan Hruaitea leh Laldingsanga te chhungkua hruaiin, Jorhatah hian kan va kal a. Dinsanga nupui hi mami a ni a. Fa phir an nei a. Tluanga leh Kima an ni a. Phir mah nise, an inang lo hle. Dizogotyc Twin an ti hang chi kha an ni.
JORHAT SCIENCE CENTRE AND PLANETARIUM: JSCP-ah hian kan kal hmasa ber a. Sikul naupang pawh an tam hle. 2013 atangin Mipui tlawhtheihin an hawng tan a. Jorhat leh a chhevel zirlaite chuan an hlawkpui hlein ka ring.

Planetarium hi Digital Planetarium a ni a. Planetarium-a kan han awm chuan, Tluanga te unau chuan, vana lawn tak tak angah an han inngai a. Lei (Earth) a lo lan chuan, “E, Leiah khian Deepak-a (Driver) kan kalsan daih mai” Kima chuan a ti a. “Apu, kan haw leh angem?” an ti nghe nghe. Planetarium pawna kan han chhuah chuan, “Khawvel chu ava lum ve. Van chu a lo vawt a nih hi” an ti a.
Mizorama district khawpui tina awm atan ka awt khawp mai.

Science Centre atanga kan kalsawn hnuin, Gandhi Park-ah kan kal a. Naupang pahnih khat an lo awm ve a. A fai hle bawk. A enkawl tupain a lo ti fai mek bawk a. Luhman a awm lem lo.

An park ho hi a fai viau mai a. Zu bur ruak, damdawi tihna sulhnu vel a awm lem lo. An enkawl uluk tih hi a hriat. Eng infrastructure pawh nei ila, a pawimawh ber chu a enkawl zuina a ni. Mizote’n kan tlakchham lam tak a ni. Cheng tam tak senga siam leh sak kan Hall, Park, etc hi enkawl mumal loh a ni fo a, reiloteah a tawpin, a chhia a, a hmuhtlak loh fo. Zun in leh ek in bawr hi a tawp zual ngei ngei bawk. Drugs addiction lama an dinhmun ka hre lo a. Park leh Hall vel ti tawp zawnga khawsa an neilo a nih ka ring. An lo nei a nih pawhin an enkawl tha niin ka hria.

 

RAJA MAIDAM: Hetah hian Ahom Lal hnuhnung ber an phum a. Raja Maidam chu Lal Thlan tihna a ni mai. Raja Maidamah hian Naupang infiamna hmun a awm nghal a. lal hnuhnung pahnih an phum a. Chumi entirnan ni ngei tur chu, lei an chhung pawng bawk a. Hnim hring a to a. Dil a lo awm a. Dil kamah chuan, Kel a awm bawk a. Raja Maidam pawh hi a fai viau.

Ahom lal ram hi ram ropui leh chak ve tak an ni thin a. Mughal ho pawhin an vanglai tak pawhin awp tumin vawi tam tak an run a, an hneh hlei thei lo a ni. Mughal leh Ahom ho indona hmingthang ber chu Saraighat Indona kha a ni awm e. General Lachit Borphukan-a hoin Mughal ho kha an lo hneh a. Jorhatah hian General Borphukan-a pawh hi phum a ni a. A thlan in, “Lachit Borphukan Maidam” pawh tlawh theihin a awm nghe nghe a ni.

Mughal Lal ram ropui tak pawhin an hneh hleih theih loh ni ve mah se, anmahni hnam inkarah innghir nghona a lo thleng ta a. Kum zabi 19 na chawhma lamah chuan, Burmese Lal te thuhnuaiah an kun ta hial a. Anglo-Burmese War-ah khan, British hoin hnehna an chan avangin, Treaty of Yandabu hnuaiah, Burmese lal te hian, Ahom lal ram thununna chu British ho kutah an pe a, chu chu 1826 kha a ni a. Assam ram awp tak taka an awp chu 1836-ah chauh khan a ni. British India-a Province pakhatah an ziak lut ve ta a. British-in India a lo chhuahsan pawh khan, india ramah an bet zui ta a. Hei hi ULFA hoin an duh lo em em a. An ideology innghahna a lo ni ta reng a. “Khawvelin india” a tih huangah kan tel ngai lo a, British ho vanga hetiang ni hi kan ni a, India ram hnuaia awm loin, mahni kea ding tur kan ni an ti tlat a ni.

Engpawh nise, hnam anga dingchhuak a, chak a, mahni kea ding emaw, survive tur hrim hrim chuan, tanrual angai, chhungrila innghirnghona neih chi a ni lo.
JORHATA TLAWHTUR DANG AWMTE: Mihring siamchawp ramngaw, Malui Forest a awm a. Jadav Payeng-a, forest Man of India sulhnu a ni. Gibbon Sanctuary a awm bawk a, Kaziranga Golf Resort a awm bawk. Jorhat Gymkhana, British ho din a awm a. Asia rama Golf Course upa ber, khawvela pathumna a awm bawk. Nichina ka sawi tak, General Borphukan-a thlan kha tlawh tur chi a ni bawk.

Jorhat ka awhna chu, Research centre hrang hrang tha tak tak an neih chu thuhran, Eastern Theological College a awm a. Engineering College a awm a, Medical Colege a awm bawk. University pawh pathum lai an nei a, chu chu ka awh em emna a ni. Continue reading JORHAT LEH A CHHEHVEL

POLICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN MIZORAM

Introduction: Mizoram state is acclaimed as the ‘Island of Peace’, in an otherwise turbulent North-East. The state is enjoying peace and tranquillity, barring a few acts of insurgency in border areas during the last 30 years, that is, ever since the peace accord was signed in 1986.

During the Insurgency period, The People had suffered Numerous Human Rights Violations, which prompted the retired Brigadier T. Sailo to establish Human Rights Committee to fight against the Human Rights Violation committed against the people of Mizoram.

Since the Beginning of the era of peace in the history of Mizoram, Mizoram Police has been striving hard to preserve peace and upheld the (Human) rights of the people of Mizoram and firmly deal with disruptive forces that are concomitant with social changes and economic growth.

The Mizoram Police Force is headed by the Director General of Police (DGP) assisted by officers in the Headquarters and officers-in-charge of Special and various filed units. The Police administration in the district is headed by an officer of the ranks of Superintendent of Police. The state is divided into 8 Police districts, parallel to the revenue districts.

ROLE OF MIZORAM POLICE IN PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS: The Mizoram Police has done quite well in preserving the human rights of the people of the state. Accidents and unfortunate incident happened once in a while that could be taken as amounting to the violation of human rights of an individual. But as a whole, the Mizoram Police has done a commendable job in protecting human rights in the society and in their functions and workings.

1. There is no distinction and discrimination based on gender and religion and race from the part of the Mizoram Police.
2. Lesser Custodial death occurred compared to other parts of the country. There are recent cases where there is custodial death. That too was not a result of the action of Police but more or less suicidal hanging inside the lock-up. Care was taken to make sure that suicidal hanging in the Police custody never happened again.
3. Strict compliance of the Supreme Court directions regarding arrest and detention.
4. Strict compliance of the rules and the directions of the supreme court in dealing with women.
5. Mizoram Police has its own Manual (Mizoram Police Manual, 2005) and its own act, the Mizoram Police Act, 2011 so that the Police personnel act in accordance with the laws and to the best of their abilities to preserve life and human rights in civil Society. These Manual and acts are one tiny steps in an efforts to metamorphose the “Ruler’s Police” into the “People’s Police”.
6. The Mission Statement of the Mizoram Police reads
Mizoram police resolves to give people an efficient, law abiding and responsive law Enforcement machinery.

The purpose of Mizoram Police is to uphold the law fairly and firmly; to uphold the rule of law; to prevent crime;

To pursue and bring to justice all those who break the law; To keep the peace with active Co-operation and in partnership with the community;

To protect, help and reassure the people and to be seen to do all this with integrity, common sense and sound judgement.

We must be compassionate, courteous and patient, acting without fear or favour of prejudice to the rights of others.

We need to be professional, calm and restrained in the face of violence and apply only that force which is necessary to accomplish our lawful duty.

We must strive to reduce the fears of the public and, so far as we can, to reflect their priorities in the action we take.

We must respond to well-founded criticism with willingness to change.
7. Its Vision statement also reads that o preserve a high quality of life and feeling of safety for the people, Mizoram Police are committed to:-

Ensure optimum public safety and security to enhance a quality of life in the community through community policing at all levels.

Serve with professionalism, respect and concern for the community for preventing and detecting crime.

Develop an effective communication within the organization and those who we serve.

Promote a safe, equitable work place and suitable atmosphere for the professional development of employees to their fullest potential.

Develop quality law enforcement concepts and use technology, involving every member of the department in efforts to improve all areas of administration and operations.

Provide quality leadership at all levels, promoting transparency in decision making and ensure accountability.

Maintain the highest professional standards and shall bring honour to the profession and built trust, confidence and respect with the people of the State of Mizoram to ensure transparency in work to make a corruption free force.

Build a strong police – public relationship for better inputs regarding criminals and prevention of crime.
8. Both the Mission statement and the vision statement also clearly highlight the wills and intent to preserve and upholds the dignity and rights of an individual.
9. Community policing has been a success in Mizoram. The Village Defence Party Act has been enacted in Mizoram so as to enable an effective and lawful community policing so as to ease the burden on the shoulders of an executive Police Force. The Citizens themselves are working day and night to prevent crimes, protect their homes, families, rights and dignities helping the Police Force in a great way.

The different Units of VDP in the 8 Districts of Mizoram under the VDP act are:-
a) Saiha District- 62 Units
b) Lawngtlai District- 56 Units
c) Lunglei District-9 Units
d) Serchhip District-20 Units
e) Champhai District- 52 Units
f) Mamit District-14 Units
g) Kolasib District-19 Units
h) Aizawl District-167 Units

Apart from the VDP, different NGOS and VOS like YMA, YLA, and MTP etc. are actively participating in Community Policing.
10. As and when needs arise, a different types of Circular has been issued from different Stake holders under the Police Department to tackle different types of problems and questions pertaining to Human Rights and other Issues.

11. The concept of ‘Citizens Friendly Police’ has been given a strong importance and the mentality to carry out citizens Friendly Policing has been wielded through different Training, Orientations and workshops. Now, the Citizens considered Mizoram Police as their friend and they no longer display antagonistic attitude towards them. A system of ‘Complainant satisfaction index’ has also been put in place where a complainant can gave direct feedback to the Superior officers on the IO so that, there is no intrusion and overriding of the rights and dignity of a private citizens.

12. According to RN Mangoli and Ganapati M Tarase in their Paper, entitled “A study of Human Rights Violation by Police in India” Published in the International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory, Vol3 No 2, December, 2010, at the time of Publication of the paper, There was no complaint of Human Rights violation by the Policemen. The authors of the paper since 1999 has been making an attempt to gather details on cases where human rights are violated due to Police excesses such as ‘Illegal detentions’, ‘Torture’, ‘Fake Encounters’, ‘Extortions’ etc. National Crime Record Bureau, New Delhi and National Human Rights Commission, New Delhi. Even in that regard, the record against the Mizoram Police reads as NIL.

CONCLUSION: Although, there’s no denying the fact that Mizoram is one of the very few states, which are yet to establish the State Human Rights Commission, Mizoram Police is one of the best Performing Unit as compared to other parts of the Country on the grounds of protection and upholding of human rights. That is a fact, which we are very proud of. But there is a large scope for improvement from the civil society and from the Police Society in Mizoram. The State is gearing up to establish an effective and efficient SHRC and the Mizoram Police is on the way to amend the Mizoram Police Manual and the implementation of Mizoram Police Rules.

(Written for presentation at OHCHR Universal Periodic Review at Guwahati, 2016)