GUJRAL DOCTRINE

Kum 1996 Lok Sabha inthlanpuiah khan, Party mal zingah BJP chuan seat an chang hnem ber a. Seat 160 an chang a. AB Vajpayee-a sawrkar a lo ding a, ni 13 hnu lawkah a tlu leh ta mai a. National Front-Left Front chuan sawrkar an siam ta a. Hetah hian reife chu, Prime Minister tur tunge ni ang, tiin an ngaihtuah a. A tawpah Karnataka hi HD Deve Gowda chungah khan, a tlu ta a. Chumi sawrkara Foreign Minister chu, IK Gujral a ni.

IK Gujral-a hnuaiah hian, Foreign Policy thuthlung an duang a. India ram thenawmte nena inngeih chu an thupui ber a ni a. Chu chu Gujral Doctrine innghahna ber pawh a ni ta a ni.

IK Gujral hi 1919 khan, Jhelum khuah a lo piang a. India ram thendarh a lo nih kha, Jhelum hi Pakistan lamah a bet ta zawk a ni. B.Com a zawh hlimin Independent Sualtute zingah a tel chho a. 1964 khan Rajya Sabha Member atan thlan tlin a ni a. A politics zinkawng thui tak chu a zawh tan ta a ni. Russia-ah Ambassador hna a lo thawk tawh a. Indira Gandhi hnuaiah te, VP Singh-a hnuaiah te, HD Deva Gowda hnuaiah te minister lo ni tawhin, 97-98 chhung khan India ram Prime Minister a ni bawk. Mi thiam a ni a. Chancellor a lo ni tawhna Maulana Azad university chuan, “Lover of Language” tiin an sawi a ni. Poetry tuipui em em a ni bawk.

Autobiography, “Matters of Discretion” tih a ziak a. India Prime Minister zinga autobiography ziaktu awm chhun a ni. 2012 khan, kum 92 mi niin a thi.

Gujral Doctrine chuan, innghahna thuthlung panga a nei a:-

1. Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan , Sri Lanka leh Maldives te lakah chuan, ‘Ka hnung thka hiat lam I hnung thak ka hiat ang’ tih rilru India-in a pu lo. Rilru that akin puih an ngaihna laiah a pui zel ang.
2. Asia chhim lam ram a mite chuan, an bulhnaia mite thatlohna thlen zawnga an ram leilung leh hmunawl te ram dang an hman tir tur a ni lo ang.
3. Ram dang tualchhung inrelbawlnaah eng ram mah an va inrawlh tur a ni lo.
4. Asia chhim lam rama mite chuan, ram tin te an ramchhunga an thuniehna leh an ram huamchin te an zah sak tur a ni.
5. Harsatna leh buaina an neih pawhin, dawhkan khata thu hoin sawifel an tum tur a ni.

Hetianga Gujral Doctrine an siam na chhan hi chu, Pakistan leh China nena India-in buaina neuh neuh an neih reng vang a ni a. Chutiang buaina hahdam taka hmachhawn thei tur chuan, thenawm ram dangte nen chuan, “Muanna famkim” neih angai a ni, tiin IK Gujral hian a sawi.

Gujral Doctrine-in a huam chu, ram te zawk, SAARC member te nena an inlaichinna a ni.

Foreign Minister a nih chhung leh Prime Minister a nih chhung pawh khan, Gujral Doctrine tih hlawhtlinna tur hian theih tawp a chhuah a

. Gujral Doctrine-in a huam ram te a tlawh a. Telephone te pawhin an inbe fo a ni.
1997 khan, US Congress pawhin, IK Gurala thataka thawhpui tur, tiin resolution an pass a. Gujral-a hian, ka hriat theih chinah kum 50 chhunga a thlen vawikhatna a ni tiin a sawi.

Continue reading GUJRAL DOCTRINE

LUSHAI SCOUTS CHANCHIN

Tun tum chu, Mizo Tlangval te’n Indopui Pahnihnaa an tel vena chanchin kan sawi dawn a ni. Assam Rifles-ah te tangin Indopui pahnih hmachhawn a, ral hma tawnga awm pawh an awm ve teuh a. Heta kan sawi tur ho chu, Lushai Scouts ho bik an ni ang.

Indopui Pahnihna a lo chhuah khan, Jack Longbottom chu, Sipaiah koh kir a ni a. Sargeant rank pek niin, Coldstream Guards zingah training petu a ni. Duynkirk hnuah chuan, Indona hmuna kal a duh ta zawk a. Sandhurst atangin Commissioned Officer a zawm a, West Yorkshire Regiment zingah a tel ve ta a ni.

Jack chu First Burma Campaign,1942 khan Brig PC Mandarin-a hynuaiah Adjutant a ni a, a ni khan a hnuah Lushai Brigade Commander a ni zuita a ni. Brig PC Madarin-a hnuaia aa wm lai hian Military Cross a dawng nghe nghe a ni.

March 1944 Jack-a chu rawlrala che tur sipai din a, train nghal tur a tirh a ni a, chung a mi kaihhruaite chu Lushai Scout tih zui an ni ta a ni. Mizorama kal vang vang a, sipai 400 zu la a, train nghal tur chuan, a hunlai khan tirh tur an tlem hle a ni. Khatih lai khan, Japan sipai te chuan, Chin Hills-a tiddim an thleng tawh a. Kohima leh Imphal bawrah an inbei ulh ulh tawh mai a ni. Lushai Scout te chu, guerrilla anga hman tur mah ni se, sipai pangai (regular troops) ang chiaha train tur an ni, tiin Brig PC Mandarin chuan thuchhuah a siam bur mai a ni. Ramhnuai Indona bik thiam em em tur an ni a, hman raw awm mang lo ache sawn zung zung thei tura train tur an ni bawk. Kawng danga sawi chuan, tunlaia ‘Special force’ kan tih ang hi an ni ber mai.

Jack-a chuan relin ni 10 a kal a, a hnuah ke tea kalin, Aizawl a thleng ta a. sabengtung a hruai bawk a. Tah chuan, Assam Rifles hoin training an lo pek mek sipai platoon khan a zu hmu a, a hnuah Sipai lakbelh turin Biate a pan zui ta a ni.

A tir lam chuan, chutianga sipai pawl thar han din chu, hotu lian lama remti lo an awm a. Mahse, an kaltlang pui ta tho a ni. Brig. Marindin phei chuan, Lushai Scouts chu “Slim’s Own” tiin a sawi thin.

Mizo tlangval te chu kum 18-20 inkar an ni a,. Indo tura han train te chu an phur em em mai. Ramhnuai a piang leh seilian an ni a. Ramhnuaia chettlat chu an pianpui ve reng a ni a, an awlsam hle. Tlangvalte chuan an pawl chu an chhuang em em a, Jack Longbottom-a chuan, an hotute-ah rinna nei turin a chher a, a pawimawh ber chu, anmahni inrin tawkna nei tura a chher kha a ni.

May 1944 chuan, Lushai Scout te chuan, Chin Hills-ah patrolling an nei tan der tawh a, indona an hmachhawnna hmun tura an train thei nghal chu an vannei em em mai bawk a ni. August 1944-ah Kaptel hmunah Company khat chu kal tur an ni a. Fur khawchhe karah mel 80 lai kea kal tur an ni. ‘Tui’ Lui an thlen chuan, an kal kai thei ta lo a. Lei indawh kai chu a lo chhe vek mai a. Thing an kit chawpin, mau an sat chawp a, lei an dawh chawp a, an thlen hun turah Kaptel chu an thleng thei a ni.

Suangpi khua-a Japan Bunker luhchhuah thu: Company Sub.Ralkapa hovin Suangpi an bei ta. Platoon khat sipai 38 hruaiin an kal ta, khawvar hma dar 2-ah an insiam peih a, an tawmkhurah chuan kut bomb Sub.Ralkapa chuan a han vawm lut zauh a, Japan santiri kha thingpui a in a lo ni awm a, puakrang kha a rawn chuh a, mahse an lo la hman a, an in vaw rawk rawk hlawm a, santiri pa chu, a hreibatah an vit hlum ta. Japan chu an tawlh zel a, a thlangah chuan bunker tha tak tak hi an lo la nei a, bomb an vawm leh, an vawm fuh thei lo hle a, sipai Rfn. Sangkaikhama chuan, ‘Ka pu, loop hole-ah bomb ka zuk thun anga ka zuk luhchhuak tange’ a ti a.

Sub.Ralkapa chuan bomb a han paih a, a puah veleh Sangkaikhama chuan an tawm khurah chuan bomb a thun a, Japan ho chu an rak ta chul mai a, an tlan chhuak a, chungte chu an kap zawt zawt a, Rifleman Lalbela (Kepran khua) a awm bawk a, a ni pawh hi a huai em em a, a che tha em em bawk a ni.

Japan sipai chu an tawlh hret hret a, chu veleh Sub.Ralkapa chuan, ring tak maiin, “Mizo tlangval advance Japan hmaah kan zam ngailo” a han ti tuar tuar a, haw haw in an beiin an nawr zui a bomb in an vawm a, silaiin an tlir zawih zawih a, an thi mang ta deuh thaw a, tlem te chu tlan chhuak awmin an hria, an bunker an lak fel hnu chuan an han inen vel a, mi 4 chu hliam an awm ve a, tumah thi an awm lo. Hliam te chu– Hav. Thangkhawzama, Hualrokhuma, Thangruaia leh Hrangdawla te an ni, a mak hle mai Lalpa venhimna an dawn a ni.

Japan thi chu an en vel a, mi 14 chu an hmu thei a ni. Hliam an awm nual bawkin an hria a chungte chu an insaseng thei a ni.

An Sub.Ralkapa chuan huaisen zual leh che tha zual Sangkaikhama leh Lalfela te chu a recommend angin huaisen chawimawina tangkapui M.M. (military medal) an hmu ve ve a ni. Kan Mizo sipai te hian theuneu lo teh a sin, hmelma bunker tehan luh chhuah riap mai zawng Mizo tlangval Lushai Scout (Biate sipai) te hian huaisen zia te hi kan theihnghilh phal dawn em ni.

LT.Lalhmingliana, mi huaisen:

Brigadier Sap chuan, “Hmalamah Japan an tam mai a, tunge kal ang, enthla turin,” a han tih chuan thih huamin Lt. Lalhmingliana chuan kal a tum ta a, sipai 2 hruaia civil mi angin an inthuam a, huai takin mel 50 thlengin an vak an vak a. Khawpakhat atangin Japan sipaite chuan intawlhchhuak a, an en thlithlai reng a, kawng sir atangin.

Japan kal liam hnu chuan sai an thawmhnaw phurtu 12 lai mai chu sai pute nen an lokal duah duah a, sai pu hnungah Japan sipai an awm an ring a, mahse an awm lo hlauh a, an din tir a, an pute nen chuan, an kir tir leh ta a. Hetianga an bungruate nen an han man rup thei te hi a ropui a, Brigade H.Q ah an thlen a, Headquarter pawh an lawm hle a, chawimawina ropui tak dawng tur a ni a, Lt.Hminga chu. Mahse an C.O hian Pu Hminga chu a recommend duh tlat lo a, Lushai ho, C.O hian a dem naah Lt.Hminga hian an thlavang a hauh nasa an inhnial viau a chuvang chuan C.O chuan a recommend duh lova, engmah a hmu ta lova, sipai ho pawhin an khawngaihin an vuipui em em a ni. Tin, Brigadier pawh hian a bodyguard atan pawh Lushai Scout section khat a rawn dil nghe nghe a ni. An huaisen zia hi sipai hotu lian tepawh hian an hrechiang em em a ni. Lushai Scout ngat, amah vengtuah a thleng a ni, an huaisen avangin.

Lungshe inkahna: Japan ho pawh advance in an kal ve fo a, intawh chang te an nei thut thut thin a. Japan sipai advance a lokal leh Lushai Scout te chu an intawk ta thut mai a, Bren-gun Pu L.Nk Chhawnlova leh Japan sipai sa tha nel nawl chu Chawnlova nen chuanan insual ta chiang chiang mai a, Chhaw Continue reading LUSHAI SCOUTS CHANCHIN

“AW HALLELUIAH, LALPA ROPUI BER” L. Kamlova (1901-1988)

Mi thenkhat chu, hla an phuah hnem avangin hriat an hlawh a, an hla phuahte a tha em em veka han tih tur a ni a, entirnan, Rokunga te ang te. Hla tam tak phuah, a hla phuah tam zawk tha, ‘Chumi zat chu a phuah’ tih vanga hla phuah teuh, a phuah luih ho erawh tha vak lo, turtu vanga an phuah erawh tha tak tak si an awm, Lalsangzuali Sailo te ang kha.

Tunlaiah hian, Hla phuah ve hrim hrim tum vanga phuah an awm a, Turtu leh nawrtu awm chuang loin, Tingtangah emaw, Keyboard emaw an han thutchilh a, a thluk nena peih ve leh mai thei zel an awm bawk a. An hming erawh sawi lang lo ila. Mi hriat hlawh fu fu an awm bawk a.

Hla tam tak phuah, mi hriat hlawh hleklo pawh ka hria. Tui ve em em, thiam chuang silo te.

CZ Huala khan hla a phuah tam lo a, Mizo Kristian hla phuahtu hmasa zinga mi a nih avang leh, a phuah chhunte a that em avanga hriat hawlh, hriat reng hlawh tur a ni a. Pu Zawnghuala khan, hla pasarih a phuah a, pakhat a letling.  Amah ai pawha hla phuah tlem zawk a la awm a, L. Kamlova a ni.

L. Kamlova khan hla 6 chauh a phuah a. Mi hriat a hlawhna erawh hla pakhat chauh a ni. Kha hla chauh pawh kha phuah se, Mi thinlungah a nung reng dawn tho tho a ni.

L. Kamlova hi 1901 khan Lenchim khuaah a piang a. Pawl thum thleng lehkha zir, Synod Preacher exam pass-a Thuhriltu puitling ni pha a ni. Khawtlang hruaitu pawimawh, Indopui pahnihna laia ‘Biate Sipai’ an tih mai pawha lo tang ve tawh, Politics lamah pawh lo tel ve nual tawh a ni.

Thupuan bung 22:16, ‘Davida Bulpui leh a thlah, Varparh, arsi eng tak chu ka ni’, tih lai hian a rilrua luah reng thin a. A thinlungah hla chi a lo tiak a, hemi chang behchhana hla a dawn chhoh mek lai hian, Khawbung pa, Patea, hla phuahtu langsar takin a lo siam khalh a.

“Aw Lalpa, Davida leh a thlah Arsi,

I felna ram atan nangin min buatsaih” tih kha a lo neih khalh ta a. Hemi Patea hla hi L. Kamlova hian a duh em em mai a. An zinna lama, Arro khuaa an han lut chu, lenkhawmnaa an han sa chu, a sa ve thei ta reng reng lo mai a, “An sak rei poh leh ka tap rei a ni mai a, he hla hi chuan min vel nasa a ni. Nikhat leh zankhat chu ka tanpui a ni” tiin a sawi.

Amah pawltu thlarau chuan a la chenchilh reng a, Patea hla ropui behchhan chuan, Pathian ropuina leh A nihna leh zahawmna puanchhuahna hla ropui, “Aw Halleluiah, Lalpa Ropui ber” tih hla kha, 1923 khan a phuah chhuah ta a ni.

He hla thukzia leh rilzia hi chu, chai fe tham a awm ang.

“Tui leh leilung reng an dinchhuah hmain,.

Hriat phakloh Pathian i lo ni,

Ni leh Thla leh Arsi te zawng zawng khian,

I zarah enna ropui an nei ve” han tih te hi, Creation Theory khaikhawmna fel tak mai a ni nghal a, a fiah em em mai bawk si a ni.

 

“Thuneihna ropui, Chawimawina Sang ber

Malsawmna nei tlak i ni e

Leilung pianlaia talh tawh beramna

A thisenin khawvel chhandam rawh se” tih lai chang te hi, Reformed Kohhran innghahna pakhat, Ruatlawk Thurin khaikhawmna fel tak a ni. A tir atang rengin Chhandamna kawng inhawnsa dan kha tawitein a sawi fiah then mai a ni.

A thluk a mawiin, a dam dap a. Hymn tak tak a tling a ni, a thu leh thluk inbelhkhawm hi.

L. Kamlova hian hla paruk a phuah a, a tha em em vek mai.

  1. Aw, Halleluiah Lalpa ropui ber
  2. Hrehawmnain a tuam vel
  3. Lung min len, ka thlir ning dawn lo
  4. Aw, Kalvari Thingchungah chuan
  5. Hringhniang nau ang a tap
  6. Suihlunglenin, Rinin han thlir ila

A hla zawng zawng hi tun thlenga sak hlawh tak tak vek an la ni, a tih theih awm e.

L. Kamlova hian 1930 hnu lamah hla a phuah tawh lo a. “Miin hla phuah thiamah min ngai a, phuahsak turtein min ngen thin a. Pathian min pek bak hi chu ka phuah thei lo a ni” tiin a sawi. Pu Zawnghuala hla phuah hun chhung pawh kha, 1921-1930 inkar a ni. Patea hla phuah hun chhung kha, 1920-1937 niin B. Lalthangaliana chuan a sawi bawk. (Mizo Literature p. 172).

1940 hmalamah khan, mizo kristian hla tha leh hlun ho hi an lo phuah tam zawk niin a lang. Mizoram kha ramthim tih theih kan la nih lai, Ringtu hmasa ten thil dang zawng aiin Pathian chauh an thlir lai leh Pathian thu buin a sawi ang chauh nun innghahna tura an ngaih hun lai, Bible thu zawm tum bur mai mi an nih hunlai (I ni min pek hi. p 13 by Rev. Zairema), harhna in thlipui ang maia nun a sawi bihbihleh hunlaia khan Mizo Hymn tih theih tur ang chu a chhuak tam ber niin a lang. 1920-1940 hi Golden age of Mizo Hymn emaw kawng danga sawi chuan, Mizo Lengkhawm zai hun rangkachak te pawh a tih theih ang.

Kan hla hmasa phuahtute kha chu, thlarauin a pawl a, Pathianin a hruai a, Fakna hla ropui leh chullo tur an phuah a. “Hla ka han phuah teh ang” tiin an inkhung hrang kher lo a, an riakkhawm lo a. Anmahniah Tinungtu thlarau khan eng a hmuh tir a, an hlate khan ram a la zau em em thin.

L. Kamlova hi 1930-1984 chhung khan chawlloin Sunday School zirtirtu-ah a tang a. 1944 khan Kohhran  Upa atan nemngheh a ni. 1968 khan Aizawl a lut a. 12th November, 1988 khan, a lung ti leng em em thintu, Rinna mita a han thlira a lo hmuh lawk thin, ‘Vanram ropui’ chu ITI veng, Aizawl atangin a pan ta a. “Tui leh leilung renga an dinchhuah hma atanga hriatphakloh Pathian’  hnenah a chawl kumkhua ta a ni.

L. Kamlova chu a thi tawh a. L. Kamlova chu a damreng ang. Vana arsite angin mawi takin Lalpa kiangah a eng kumkhua ta a ni.