KA CM HUNAH CHUAN

High Schoolah te, Hna zawnna leh Essay inziah siak thenkhatah khan, Chief Minister ni ta ila tih thupui hmang khan kan ziak thin a. Chief Minister ni ta ila, tih thupui mil pui tho khan ka CM hunah chuan tiin kan essay ziah thin ang deuh kha ka han ziak leh chhin a nih hi.

1. AGRICULTURE: Leilet zawl kan neih ho- Champhai, Vanlaiphai, Chemphai, Buhchangphai etc. a ram, leileta siam theih ho hi sawrkarin a hnuaiah la vek se (hawhin), hengah te hian Kudam sa vek se, Kum 10 chhung vel tur Project siamin, leileta siam theih tur siam vek se, a neitute pawh an duh phawt chuan ruai nghal se la, a enkawl turin, BSC/MSC (Agri) rual hi contract atan kum 10 chhung vel atan ruai se, mumal taka ruahmanna siamin heng zawl tinah hian Manager, Managemant a master Degree rual la se, agriculture department hi Nodal department angin awm se, direct-a control loin.

Vietnam hian kum khatah buh vawithum an thar tawh a. Keini hi chuan vawi hnih thar tum ila, a kar lakah thlai dang ching ila.

Hei hi Leilet bikah a ni.

Tlangram lo neih pawh mumal zawkin a kalpui theih ang.

2. THINGTLANG TIH HMASAWN:

Khawvel hmanraw changkang, Khawpuia i hman thinte tel loin, leilung hriatna atangin i ‘survive’ ve thei angem?

Anni chuan, thlai chin hun te, a lei a zira chin turte, sik leh sa awm dan atanga chin turte, eng lehkhabu atang maha zir loin an hria a, ramhnuaiah an kal a, an damkhawchhuahna tur an hmu a; thenawm in mamawh tawn an nih avangin, mihring inlaichinna hlutna an hria a, mihring te mihring an la nih zelna hmun chu thingtlang hmunah a ni.

Khawpui hi civilization pholangtu a ni mai thei; Thingtlang hi civilization chelh dingtu a ni.

Thingtlang mi mahni inti hlum ai chuan khawpui mi mahni intihlum an tam fe a; rilru paukhauhna leh tawrhchhelna chu an dam khawchhuahna a nih avangin, an duh angin thil kallo mah se an bei tauh tauh thin.

Deng XiaOping-a han sawi leh ila.

1976 chho atang chuan China ram rorelna chu Deng Xiaopinga kutah hian a lut ta a. Mao Tse Tung-a ‘Cultural Revolution’avangin China ram chu an hnufum phah em em a. Deng-a ngaihdan chuan, ” Generation (chhuan) khat laiin an hnufum phah” a ni.

Economic Reform ropui tak a kalpui a, an kanh dawrh mai.

A economic reform a a angaih pawimawh tak chu Lo neih a ni a. Thingtlang lam enkawlna kawngah Thuneihna a sem zai (decentralized) bawk. A awm zia ber chu, China tih chaknan Thingtlang a ngai pawimawh a ni. Khawpui hi chu a thang tho tho a. Tin, Thingtlang lam thawhchhuah a pun hian indutrial activity a ti pung a, khawpuia ti hmasawn zawk tho tho. Ram hmasawnna a ti khairual.

Kum 6 chhung lek pawhin Deng Xiaopinga hmalakna vang chuan China a kang dawrh mai a ni.

Gen. Park Chung Hee-a hnuaia S. Korea hmasawn chiam na ‘Miracle on the han river’ an tih lo awmna chhan bulpui pakhat chu Saemaul Undong Project a kalpui pawh kha a tawi zawnga sawi chuan Thingtlang tih hmasawnna a ni ber mai.

1961 ah General Park Chung Hee hian sipai chakna hmangin an sawrkar lai chu a paihthla a. 1963 atangin Korea president a ni a. A thih thlengin chu nihna chu a chelh ta a ni.

General Park Chung Hee-an thuneihna a chan tirh lam hian S. Korea chu N. Korea aiin a hnufum daih zawk a. An per capita income pawh US dollar 72 chauh a ni! An ram a rethei a, an dinhmun a hniam em em bawk.

General Park-a hmalakna hmasa chu a project pakhat Saemauol undong tih a ni a. Thing tlang tih changkanna leh tih hmasawnna a ni ber mai. A hna hmasa ber atan chuan korea ram Thingtlang mite ei leh bar zawnna tih changkan leh tih hmasawna, tih ngheh a ni.

Saemaul Undong Project hi chi thumin an then a, Rilru, chetdan leh chhehvel tih hmasawnna tiin. Rilru lam huangah hian thenawmte nena in lai chinna, an hnam nunze vawn thatna te a tel a. Chet dan huangah hian mipui vantlang khawsak dan leh rilru puthmang te, dan zahna te, Khawlaia zu ruih loh tihte a tel a, chhehvel huangah hian faina te, chenna hmun ulukna te a tel a. Hetiang hmanga hma a han lak meuh chuan 1974 chuan Thingtlang mite chuan khawpui mite thawhchhuah an khum ta der mai a ni!

Gandhi-a khan, “India hmalam hun chu thingtlang khuaah te a innghat a ni” tiin a sawi a. Chu chu Urbanist hoin an hnial tak nain, Hmasawnna in buk tawklo avanga India ram harsatna thlen dan en chuan Thil kal fuhlo lian tak a awm tih a chiang reng a.

Mizote pawh hian hmasawn leh dinchhuak tak tak kan duh chuan thingtlang lam ngaihsakna leh hmasawnna inkhuangrual taka thlen tir dan tur kan zawng tur a ni ang.

Ka chief Minister hunah chuan hei hi ka hna hmasa tur a ni ang.

3. ZIRNA SIAM THAT:

Time chanchinbu vela thuziak thin Amanda Ripley hian lehkhabu ngaihnawm zet mai, “The Smartest kids in the world ans how they got that way” tih a ziak a.

PISA test atangin Khawvela zirna system tha chu Finland, Korea, Poland etc a ni a.

Chu chu a hmunah kal chilhin a zir a.

Zirna a sum senso ringawt lam hi a nilo…Zirtirtu, nu leh pa leh zirlai te tan hona leh effort a pawimawh.

Thil ngaihtuah thiamna a pawimawh ber.

Economic hmasawnna leh Zirna (PISA test score,) a kal kawp. Economic hmasawnna hi A work force te inzir belh thiamna, suangtuah thiamna leh insiam rem thiamnaah a innghat. US economy tlakhniam chhan pawh chu chu a ni pakhat

Hnam hmasawnna hi single generation ah a thleng thei (ie, Finland).

Mc Donald CEO sawi dan chuan, American mi, duh ang zat rawih tur an hmu lo. in chhiar peih, problem solved thei, mi dangte hrilhfiah/communicate thiam etc an neilo.

Findlandah chuan naupang an zalen a, thil ngaihtuah thiamna lamah an thang nasa. Korea erawh an ultra competitive a.Sawrkarin study break a siam hial

German ho pawhin an education an chhuang em em a. PISA score ah an che chhe ta sia.

Zahthlak an ti khawp mai. An in thlak danglam phah.

Kan zirna dinhmun siam that angai.

4. HMEICHHIATE DINHMUN THA ZAWK PEK: Mizo hmeichhe fel leh mi thiam tak tak han tling kan ngah mai. Mizo hnam tana an tangkai dan tur angin kan hmang tangkai ang. Politics huang chhungah, a rorel khawlah te, a policy duangtuah leh ngaihtuahna sengtuah kan hmang ang. Chung mite chu Competitive exam kaltlanga lak ang niloin an thiam leh theihna hmuh chian ngei chin an ni ang.

society-ah hian hmeichhe participation a san poh leh hmasawnna a chak zawk a ni.

5. KAWNG THA: Kawng tha hi hmasawnna bulpui a ni. India ram state hmasawn kan tih ho hian kawngpui tha tak tak an nei a. US hian inter-state Highways an nei a. Gen. David Eisenhower-a hunlaia an siam a ni. China ram hmasawnna chak chhan chu. thingtlang khawtin kawngpui thain a pawh avang a ni a. Chutiang bawkin S. Korea pawh a ni tho.

Mizoram chhungah hian National Highway

1. National highway 54- Km 850 a sei
2. National Highway 154- Km 180

hengte hi Mizoram sawrkar enkawl a ni a.

State Highway hi hetiang hi a awm bawk a,

1. Champhai – North Vanlaiphai Road
2. Keiáš­um – North Vanlaiphai
3. Lunglei-Thenzawl road
4. Tlabung-Borapansury Road
5. Kawlchaw -Tongkolong Rd.
6. Aizawl-Mamit-Vanghmun-Kumarghat Rd
7. W.Phaileng to Marpara
8. Kawnpui to Hortoki road
9. Saitual-Phullen-Suangpuilawn Road
10. Khawzawl-Sinzawl-Thanlawn Road
11. Kawlkulh-Ngopa-Mimbung Road

State Maintenance Fund atang kawng enkawl awm zat chu :-
(a) Black-topped : 2744kms
(b) Unsurfaced : 1919kms
TOTAL : 4663kms

Khaw 65 emaw hi mumalin motor kawngin a la pawh lo a awm bawk a. Kawng hi a that loh zia kan hre bawk a.

Mizoram kawng tam tak hi a kual zawnga zawn luih emaw tih tur hi a ni bawk a. Kawng hi chhe hman mang loa enkawl theih a ni tih hi ka ngaihdan a ni. Kawng te hi a kual lutuk loin a la siam theih ang tih hi ka pawm.

Khawtin hi kawng hian pawh vek se, kawng hi tha se, tlan zung zung theih nise, Mizoram khua hi nikhata ban hman loh hi a awm mang lo ang. Khaw tam tak nileng kal hi chawhma kalah a chhuak thei ang. Chawhma kalin dar kar 2-3 kalah. Chung chuan hmasawnna a rawn thlen dan tur chu kan ngaihtuah thiam vek awm e.

He’ng kawngte hi a tha thei ang bera enkawl leh hman tlaka awm reng tura siam theih dan tur ruahmanna chu a tul leh kan la sawizawm leh ang chu.

6. ENERGY MAMAWH LEH TUAKNA KAWNG:

Tunah hian peak hour laiin, kan power supply hman hi 110-115 MW a ni a. Serlui leh Mini Hydel Project neuh neuh kan neih nen, Tuirial a hmanchhoh thei tan a, hmun dang atanga a leinana kan sum sen hi tunhma ai chuan tlahniam tawh turah ka ngai a.

24 MW Tuirini hydro-power plant hi ka CM chuan kan khuap puitling thuai ang. Nakina kan power consumption lo sang zel tur hisap leh kan revenue hmuh ve na tur hisapin , Ram tih chhiat belh loh zawngin, hma kan la ang. 210 MW Tuivai hydro power project hi a hma atang ruahmanna lo awm tawh kalpui mek a ni a, hengte hi environmental Impact enin apawilo tur a nih chuan kan khuap anga. State sum bawm kan la tih khah belh thei dawn a ni. Sikkim hian nikhatah 95.70 MW mamawhin, an inchawm zo a, Tripura, hian nikhatah 285 MW, mamawhin an inchawm zo a ni mai lo a, 2016 march thla atang khan Tripura hian Bangladesh hnenah 160 MW lai power hi an halh a, tunah hian 40 MW an hralh belh leh tawh hial mai thei.

Renewable sources of energy dang. Solar, wind te pawh a hmun a zir nasa zawka hman tangkai dan kan zawng zel dawn a ni.

He’ngte pawh hi sawi zau zel dawn chuan, a thui lutuk dawn avangin Energy mamawh tuakna lam pawh hi hemi thleng hian sawi phawt ilangin a tha mai awm e.

(INTODELH)

‘Leng dang mi chu Lal lai par tlanin,
Min ngailote’n hlimin an leng si’

Kum 16 emaw kal ta thil han sawi kir lawk ila. Tun hnaia data ka neih mai loh avangin chu chu ka han sawi dawn a ni. Thil nihna tak a ti chiang tho awm e.

Economics and Statistics Department chhut dan chuan 2002 January-December chhung khan Buhfai, Tel ei chi, Chana, Alu, Chhangphut, Thingpui fe, Purun, Chini, Chi (salt), Artui, Dal, Bawnghnute powder, Sangha hring, Sangha ro, Sangha tin lakluh nan hian Cheng vaibelchhe 36 leh nuaih sawmnga pakua leh sing sarih sang riat (36,59,78,000.00) Mizoramin kan seng a ni. AMFU phei chuan, Cheng vaibelchhe 43 chuangin an chhut. Tun dinhmuna a zat hi ka hre mai lo a. A tam hle dawn a ni tih chu a chiang a. A tlem berah pawh kum khatah Cheng nuaih 6000 hi chu a ni hrim hrim dawn tih a hriat theih.

He’ng kan lakluh tam zawk hi kan rama kan thar chhuah ve theih leh kan thawnchhuah theih reng a ni zawk.

Kan mamawh chu intodelhna nghialnghet a ni. Chutiang chu engtin nge kan neih tak ang? A then a zar han sawi ila:-

1. Kut hnathawktute pual leh an hman tur budget tam tham tak mai dah a, a kal hmang rengah pawh an hlawkpui ngei tura dah.

2. Sawrkarin a rawn awmte rawnin, khawvel ram danga an hlawhtlinpui tawhte zirin kan ram mil thei ang ber turin ruahmanna siam a ni anga. Chu chu sawrkar department mai nilo, Third party (NGO/civil society) te nen tang hoin a hlawhtlin thlenga vil zui a ni ang.

3. Sum leh paite hian kut hnathawktute hnen a thlen ngei theihna turin Transparent delivery system siam a ni ang.

An hnathawh meka an mamawh, khawl emaw, lei tha emaw, thlai chi emaw, thil dang reng reng anmahni nena thawkhoin a tha ber ber lei a ni anga. Thlam emaw, in sak ngawi pawh a chak nena lakkhawm pui vek an ni ang.

4. Kan ram awmna leh inkalpawhna dinhmun enin mizoram ngeia thawnchhuah tlaka siam (finished product) buaipui a ni ang.

5. A dahthatna (cold storage preservation) tha tak siam a ni ang.

6. Market system mumal takin kalpui a ni ang. Hlep tam zawk hi lo neitute kutah a lut ang. Market price control a ni ang. Mizorama kan thlai chin ve ang reng reng chu, hmun dang atanga lakluh (import) pawh control/restrict a ni ang.

7. Leilung hi kan hman tangkai dawn avangin a lo hlu leh zual dawn a. Kan leilung enkawlna dan (land act) hi siam that angai dawn a. Land reform kan kal pui ang.

Mi thenkhat, ram to hun nghak mai mai te chhiah chawi tur kan ti pung anga, a taka hmang tangkaite chhiah chawi tur kan ti hniam ang.

Mi pakhat tan ram zau lutuk neih phal a ni lo anga. Ram lei leh hralh thuah pawh duh duh lei leh duh duh man chhiar a ni lo ang.

8. Sawrkarin helama hma a lakna viltu commission din a ni ang a. Chak taka thuam niin, mi hrem theihna power hial pek a ni anga. Chief Minister hnuaiah direct in a awm ang.

CM ka nihna anga thuneihna ka hmansualna lak ata min vengtu turin Lok Ayukta Act kan siam tha anga. Ka tih dikloh phawt a, chumi chu puhna emaw, vantlang hriata thu a awm phawt chuan, Anmahni thuin min chhui nghal thei bawk ang.

CM atan chuan min thlang duh dawn lo hian ka hre ta lawm mawle!