MIZORAM BUDGET 2020-21 THLIRNA


Ni 19.2.2020-ah Mizoram Sawrkar Pawisa kum thar lo awm tur atana pawisa hman tur chu. Mizoram Chief Minister, Finance Minister ni bawkin a pharh ta a. Tawitein I han chai ve teh ang.

BUDGET PUMPUI: kum 2020-21 chhunga Sum hmuh leh hmanna tura ruahman chu Rs. 10,081.01 crore (Cheng Vaibelchhe Singkhat leh Sawmriat Pakhat leh Nuai Khat) a ni a, kum 2019-20 chhunga sum indaihlohna phuhrukna atan Rs. 3398.13 crore (Cheng Vaibelchhe Sangthum Zathum Sawmkua Pariat leh Nuai Sawmpathum) a dil belh pah bawk.

HMUH BEISEINA
Revenue Receipts:

  1. Kan thawhchhuah ve tur: Kan State chhung bika chhiah hrang hrang atanga hmuh beisei chu Rs. 661.69 crore a ni a, 15.34% in a pung a. Hei bakah hian Non- Tax Revenue atangin ` 583.07 crore hmuh kan inbeisei a, chu chu 26.95% zetin a pung dawn a ni. Tichuan, State’s Own Tax leh Non-Tax hnuaia sum hmuh tur belhkhawm chu Rs. 1244.76 crore a ni dawn a, a punna chu 20.50% a lo ni ang.
  2. Tax Devolution:Sorkar laipuiin nakum 2020-21 chhunga Sawrkar laipuiin kan hmuh tura a rawn tarlan chu Rs. 3967.96 crore a ni a, 2.13% in a pung a. State sawrkar chuan 10% a sânga a pun an beisei a. An beisei a phalo hle a ni.
  3. Grants-in-Aid: Fifteenth Finance Commission-in kan State Sorkar tana Grants a ruahman chu Rs. 1968.00 crore a ni a, kum kal mêka kan sum hmuh tur aiin Rs. 748.00 crore lain a hniam a ni. “Hei hi Finance Commission hmasa in a lo recommend ai pawha a hniam zawk ngial avangin beisei loh dan tak a ni a, Mizoram tan chuan thil lawmawm lo tak a ni,” tih tawngkam Finance Minister hian a hmang a ni. Kan rin ai hian, central lam atang hian thil a awlai lo a ni. Hei bakah hian Grants dang dang atangin Rs. 185.00 crore hmuh a ni bawk ang.
  4. Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) leh Externally Aided Projects (EAPs): Centrally Sponsored Schemes leh Externally Aided Project atanga pawisa hmuh beisei zawng zawng chu Rs. 2033.39 crore a ni a. Tin, NLCPR, NEC, ST Welfare Grants leh Central Road Funds atangin Rs. 385.85 crore beisei bawk a ni.

Tichuan kum 2020-21 chhunga Revenue Receipt hmuh tura ruahman zat chu ` 9784.96 crore a ni.
Capital Receipts:

  1. Internal Debts: Hmun hrang hranga atanga sum pûk tur ruahman zat chu Rs. 875.03 crore a ni. He Internal Debts hian a huam te chu – Market Loans atanga beisei Rs. 680.00 crore; NABARD Loan Rs. 170.00 crore; National Co-operative Development Corporation (NCDC) Loan Rs.10.00 crore; Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) atanga pûk tur Rs. 5.00 crore leh Power Financing Corporation (PFC) loan Rs. 10.00 crore te an ni.
  2. Loans and Advances: External Aided Projects (EAP) loan portion leh kawng dang atangin Rs. 13.85 crore hmuh kan beisei.
  3. Recovery of Loans and Advances: Sorkar hnathawkte leh Co-operative Societies te’n loan an rulhna atangin ` 41.16 crore an beisei bawk a ni.

Capital Receipt atana hmuh beisei zawng zawng chu Rs. 930.04 crore a ni a, 10.02% in a pung.

SUM HMUH TUR ZAWNG ZAWNG: Revenue Receipt leh Capital Receipt atanga sum hmuh beisei zawng zawng chu Rs. 10715.00 crore a ni a. 2019-20 aiin Rs. 22.70 crore in a sang a ni.

REVENUE AND CAPITAL EXPENDITURES:
Revenue Expenditure:

  1. Revenue expenditure han tih chuan Sorkar hnathawk hlawh te, pension senso te, Interest payment te bakah sector lian tak tak Education te, Sports te, kawngpui enkawlna te, power leina te, tui supply-na te, buhfai leina te, District administration te, Secretariat enkawlna te, Police te, Jail enkawlna te bakah State-in hmasawnna ruhrel (infrastructure) a lo din leh siam tawhte enkawlna te a huam vek a ni.
  2. Revenue expenditure atana sum hman tura ruahman zawng zawng chu Rs. 9021.85 crore a ni a, chu chu Budget estimate pumpui atanga 84.20% a ni.
    Capital Expenditure:
  3. Capital expenditure hi a tlangpuiin mipui tana hmasawnna ruhrel dinna hrang hrang – land and building te, kawng leh lei te, infiamna atana hmunhma siam leh hmanraw tha chhawpchhuah te, tui lakna lama hmalakna te leh bungraw lian tham leina atana hmante hi a huam a
  4. Capital expenditure atana sum ruahman zawng zawng chu Rs. 1693.15 crore a ni a, chu chu Budget estimate pumpui atanga 15.80% a ni.
    Tichuan, kum 2020-21 atana Revenue leh Capital huamchhunga atana sum hman tura ruahman zawng zawng chu Rs. 10715.00 crore a ni.
    Sum sem sawmna:
  5. Sum sem sawmna tura am ruahmanna chipchiar chu tarlang lo mai ila. Social Services Sector kan tih. Education, Health. Water supply , sanitation, District Council leh Social welfare te insem turin Rs 3659.07 crore an dah a, chu chu Budget pum pui a\anga 34.15% a ni. Education leh health hian an chan tam vak hmel loh viau mai.
  6. SEDP atan Rs 51,300.00 lakh an ruahman.
  7. SEDP hnuaiah Kawng siam leh enkawlna turin kum tharah Rs. 8,000.00 lakh ruahman a ni. SEDP hnuaia road maintenance atana sum an dah bakah a tul anga kawng enkawl nan leh tihhmasawn nan PWD hnuaia Road Fund Board in an hman atan Rs. 4,000.00 lakh chu ruahman a ni.
  8. Mizoram Sate Healh Care Scheme atan Rs. 2,000.00 lakh chu an dah.
  9. Youth developments atan Rs. 300.00 lakh leh Sports tihhmasawn nan Rs. 500.00 lakh ruahman a ni.
  10. Ruihhlo-in a tihbuaite enkawl nan Rs. 500.00 lakh ruahman a ni.
  11. Parking House Support Scheme (PAHOSS) chhunzawm nan Rs. 1000.00 lakh dah tura ruahman a ni.
  12. Autonomous District Council pathumte tan hian Rs. 45,106.59 lakh ruahman a ni a, a punna rate chu 12.47% a ni. Finanance Minister hian “Hei hi State Sorkar Budget punna rate atanga chhût chuan a sang hle a ni. “ a ti a . “Mizoram sawrkar sum dinhmuna thalo chungin” ti sia Engvanga tipung chiam nge a ni tih chu ka va hre mai tawh bik lo. Hei bakah hian Sinlung Hills Council leh Sialkal Range Development Council-te tan Rs. 785.83 lakh ruahman a ni bawk

THU KHARNA

  1. Kumin Budget atanga thil lang chiang chu, Sawrkar laipui atanga kan sum hmuh tur a tlahniam vak. Finance Minister pawh a hnual. State-in theih tawp a chhuah angai dawn. State sawrkar sum dinhmun a that loh thu pawh a sawi nghe nghe.
  2. Mipuiin chhiah kan pek a pung dawn a nih hmel.
  3. Budget sawi ni khuaa sawi dan dik tawk lo awm thin chu, Revenue exopenditure sang hi sawisel a ni thin a. A sawi uar zual chuan, sawrkar hnathawk hlawha ti zat hi kal thin anginan sawi biah biah thin. Sawrkar hnathawk hlawh vek a nilo. A chunga kan sawi tawh ang khian, Sawrkarin a in sak, hmasawnna tura a siam pawh a enkawl zuina atan revenue expenditure hi hman a ni thin. Capital assests kan neih te enkawl zuina hi a ni thin, A sang lo theilo ve bawk. Kan in sak, kan contract inpekna hna tam tak hi, state in sum a hmuh lehna, sum chang thei hmalakna a ni em? Tih zawhna inzawh zawk tur a ni.
  4. Tin, tun hnai deuh atang khan Centrally Sponsored Scheme hrang hrang hnuaia Staff-te hlawh an pekna thin thenkhat chu Central Sorkar-in a titawp a, chungte chu State Sorkar-in an lo tumsak vek rih avangin Revenue expenditure pawh hi a san phah hle bawk a ni.
  5. Kawng erawh an ngai pawimawh viau mai a. Kum khat chhunga kawng enkawl leh buaipuina tura an dah a sang viau. Hei hi chu thil lawmawm tak a ni. A nihna ang takin kawng hi siam a ni turah ngai ila.

Sawi zui leh chip zui chu chakawm viau mah se, Budget hi mipui nawlpuiin kan hrethiam vak thin lo a. Hriat thiam awl zawng deuh turin ka han sawi mai mai a ni. A la fiah lutuk lo mai thei e. Critical review chu mahni theuh kutah ka dah e.

PU KAPKIMA SIKUL

Pu Kapkima Sikul kan ti mai thin a, Govt Middle School-1 Bilkhawthlir, kum thum ka kal a. A nuam kan va han ti thin tak.

Khatih laia kan zirtirtu tam zawk kha an pension tawh a, a then phei chuan, Lui ral min kaisan tawh a ni awm e, ka hmuhlohna leh a chin ka hriat lohna a rei tawh em mai a.

Pu Kapkima, Pu Rk Malsawma, Pi Ruati, Pu Sanghmingthanga, Pu Liantluanga , Pu Mawia , Pu Sawma te ho kha Min zirtirtu an ni a. Pi Ruati kha kum thum kan kal chhungin, vawi hnih a rai a, Hindi hi ka thiam tur angin ka thiam loh phah vek niin ka hre thin a. Chuti chung chung chuan, Hindi ziah leh chhiar kha chu ka thiam em em a, Kum tam tak a liam hnuah, NEPA a Basic Course kan training pawhin Hindi subject-ah chuan Full Mark 50-ah 49 ka la hmu pha a ni. Pi Ruati min zirtirna vang liau liau kha ni.

Pu Sanga khan English a la thin a. Grammar min han zirtir a. Board Examah Letter ka hmu pha hial nghe nghe. Pa thinchhe tak anga kan ngaih, ngainatawm fu si kha a ni a. A ngaihawm ta mai mai ngawt mai.

Pu Malsawma, kha a titi a ngaihnawm a. Bilkhawpui chanchinbu kha a enkawl pah thin a, sikulah khan a chhu fo mai a. Khatih lai atang khan thuziah ka ching tan a, thu min ziah tir a, a chhutna hmunah min awm tir ve a, a hnen atang khan thil tam ka zir a ni. A fapa Lalvena nen kan inkawm thin a. An chengkek huanah te pawh khan ka kal fo nghe nghe. “Til leh Hnap a inbuk tawk chiah” tih kha a sawi thin.

Kan Peon kha, Pu Ranga a ni a. Sipai pension, ’71 war veteran a ni. Min duat thin khawp a. Chhun chawlhah an inah min hruai a. Thingpui leh eitur min pe thin a. A sipai discipline ngai kha a vawng reng thung a. Engvanga min duhsak em em nge a nih kha ka hre lo na a, Pa fel tak chu a ni ngei e. Ka hre reng ang.

Pawl 5-ah Lalbeiseia nen kan thu dun thin a. A hnu lamah chuan, a nau Zopuia nen kan thu dun leh a, Terema kha kan tlarah a thu thin bawk a. Zopuia chu sipaiah a tang ta a, ka hmu zui ta ngai lo.

Zirtirtute khan min hrem fo. Lungawilohna leh lunglohah kan la lem lo. Min hrem zo a, min hremni a liam a, kan theih nghilh leh mai. Kan zirtirtute kha huatna kan nei lem lo a. Min hremnaah khan hremnawn nih tawhloh kan tum mai a. Kan nu leh pate pawhin min hrem tih pawh an hre ngai lem lo. Mipa fa ngang kan ni a, min han hrem ve pawh khan, a turah ngaihna chen kan nei niin kan hria. TIn, hrem han nih chhak kha pa riaua hriatna kha kan nei ve bawk a ni.

Vawikhat chu, Tuitha Venga mi niin ka hria, Valpuia khan, Lalhungchhungi lehkha a thawn tur kha min ken tir a, Mikado phekah khan a ziak a, a thlep tein, a lehkhaah tho khan a bilh lut leh tat a. Lalhungchhungi hnenah khan tha tak khan ka pe ve mai bawk a. A chhungah khan enge a ziah ang tih kha chu hre thiam mah ila, ka chhiar lem lo a. Ngawi rengin, a thawnnu kha ka pe ve mai. “A hmasaiin zing ni chhuak hi ka chibai bukna che ni sela” tih hunlai kha a ni a, khangte kha chu a ziak tel ngei ang.

Pawl 7 kan nih khan, kan zirlai kan zir zo tawh si, Revision kan nei sek a, ka ngaithla ning thin khawp a. “Ngaithla peih tawh lo in awm em, pawnah lo va break mai rawh u”, Pu Sanga khan a ti a. Lawm deuhin ka chhuak a. Pu Sawma Craft Teacher khan min lo hmu a, Thingzai pu tura kal tur kha a ni a. Phur fein ka zui ta a. Vengchep leh Dawrveng inrinna lai vela Thingzai khawl nei teinah kan han kal a. Anni kha an hming ka hre tawh lo. Kan han pu vang vang a ni.

Zirtawpni tlai a piang khan Game period a ni a, kan inkhel tak tak ziah a, a nuam kan va han ti tak. GSA khan, Sub Junior tournament a siam thin a. kan team Halkey Football Club kha kan chhuak ve thin. Bilkhawthlir Police Outpost a 2 OC Pu Zuia, ASI khan kan senso tur te kha min tum sak thin. Jersey sen kan ha thin a, khawia mi nge mawni kan hawh thin kha ni.

Hnathawhni kha a awm a, hna kha kan thawk tak tak thin a, lehkha zir ai khan a nuam fe zawk reng bawk a. Kan Sikul kha tlangah a awm a. A hnuai kha Bilkhawthlir Playground kha a ni nghal a. Game Ni te, Hnathawhni te khan, kan inkhel tak tak a, hna kan thawk tak tak bawk. Khangte kha kan thanchhoh zelnaa kawng pawimawh tak a lo ni reng mai.

Pawl rualpuitea a naupang pawl kha kan ni thin a. A kum ang zawng phei chuan, ka lo naupang ber hial thin angem aw, te ka ti leh ta mai mai. Kan pawl rualpui emaw, kan chung chiah te emaw kha chu an nulain, an tlangval riau khan ka hre mai thin a. Football Tournament khelh ni khua pawha Senior teama tel pha kha an ni nawk thin.

Tam tak kha chuan, ngaihzawng an nei tawh a. A hunlai thlir let khan,a awm lohna em em pawh a awm chuang lo a. Tleirawl chho uk uk kha an ni tawh thin a. A ngaihna hre ve chiah lo tawk kha kan lo tei ve mai mai bawk a.

Mi aiawha rawn kal thin, U Mapiana kha a fel thin khawp a. thil min tihpui peih a, a taima si a. Sikul chawlhah te khan a inhlawhnaah min hruai a. Chhang ur te khan a inhlawh pah a. kan kal ve zel a. Chhang urnaah khan cheng 5 vel hlawh te khan eng engemawni kha kan va ti ve thin a ni.

Kan Hindi Zirtirtu Pi Ruati te huanah Kuhva tla kan chhar thin a. Anmahni vek khan min leisak leh a. Pathum cheng khatin ni tain ka hria, min leisak thin kha. Mahni duhzawng engemaw leina khawp kha chu, kuhva chhar te, Tuichawite khan kan inhlawh thin a. Pu Ruati bawk khan kan tuichawi te kha a lei a. Ka ngaihtuah let a. Khang zawng zawng kha a mamawhna awm reng reng hi ka hre ta hauh lo. Mi Naupang mai kha kan ni a, hnathawha hlawh neihna tur kha min siam sak thin a ni ta maiin ka hria.

Kan headmaster Pu kapkima te khan lehkhabu an nei teuh mai a. An inah min hruai a. Min chhiar tir thin a. A Nupui, Nu Engtei lehkhabu, MnB zawng zawng nen khan ka chhiar a.

Ka sikul kalpui thin, ka classmate te, classmate chiah lo, a hunlaia kal ve thin te kha engtin awm ta zel ang maw. A lo rei ve ta. Kan sikul te, Bilkhawthlir te, khang hunlaia ka thiante kha ka hmuhlohna a lo rei ta e.

Hetiang thilte hi, ka hriatna ata an kalbo mai lohna atana ziakin ka han dahtha a nih hi. Nakinah ka faten kan sikul kallai chanchin hi an lo la hriat ve nan.

UNION BUDGET 2020-21

UNION BUDGET 2020-21

February Ni 1, 2020 a ni a. Union Finance Minister-in Union Budget a pharh a. Indian Economy chhiat em em lai a ni a. He budget hian engangin nge a nghawng ang tih chu sawi fe tur a awm ang a. Kan sawi thui hmain Middle Class te mil tura budget hi siam a ni tih han sawi ta ila.

Kumin budget kan sawilan hmain Budget kaihhnawiha kan hriattur tul leh a kaihhnawih thil pawimawh han sawi hmasa ta ila.

  1. EXPENDITURES AND RECEIPTS: Budget-ah hian hlawm hnih pawimawh tak a awm a. Chu chu Expenditure leh Receipts a ni. Plan leh Non-Plan Expenditure head a then thin kha, September, 2016 a Cabinet Meeting-in tih tawp a rel a, 2017 Budget atang kha chuan hman zui a ni ta lo a ni. Railway Budget a hranga pharh thin pawh, nikum atang khan tih tawp a ni bawk a, kum 92 zet an lo kalpui tawh chu an ti tawp a ni.

Expenditure hi Capital Expenditure leh Revenue Expenditure-ah then a ni a. Capital Expenditure chu ro tling thil kawng siamna te leh Loan puk rulhna atan te a hman a ni a. Revenue expenditure chu, Inrelbawlna leh Hlawh atana hman a ni thin.

Receipts pawh hi Capital Receipts leh Revenue Receipts-ah tho then a ni thin a. Capital Receipts chuan, ramchhung leh ram pawn atanga pawisa pukte, State sawrkarin an leiba an rulhna te, Sawrkarin Company a enkawl thinna a sumsen a tih tlem/tih bo (disinvestment) te te a huam a. Revenue Receipts chuan, chhiah atanga sum hmuhte, sawrkar enkawl company atanga a sum hmuh te leh Telecom license fee atanga a sum hmuh te (service provider ho atangin percentage bituk awmin chhiah lak a ni thin. Eg:-Airtel atangin an sum hmuh help atangin cheng chute zah chu an pe ang etc)

Heng hi Full Budget-a hmuh tur awm chin a ni a. 2018 Union Budget hi tun NDA sawrkara Full Budget hnuhnung ber a ni ang. Election kumah chuan, Election hmaa hman turin sum ruahmanna an pharh a, Vote on Account a pass a ni thin a. Sum hmuhna telloin a hmanna tur chauh pass a ni thin a ni.

  1. FISCAL DEFICIT TARGET: Budget-ah hian thil pawimawh tak pakhat awm chu Fiscal Deficit target a ni a, Gross Domestic Product atangin za zelah (in percentage)-a chhut a ni thin.

Fiscal Deficit tih awmzia chu, Sawrkar sum hmuh leh hmanna inthlauhna a ni. Hetah hian Puk atanga sum hmuhna an chhiar tello thung.

  1. BUDGET PHARH HUN: 2016 thleng kha chu, Budget an pharh hian, February chawlhkar hnuhnung berah an pharh thin a. 2017 atang chuan, Fenruary thla ni hmasa berah an pharh ta thin a ni.

Tun hma chuan, Tlai dar 5-ah Budget hi an pharh thin a. Yashwant Sinha hunlai atangin chawhma dar 11-ah Budget hi pharh a ni ta thin a ni.

February thla khera Budget an pharhna chhan chu, Sawrkar kum thar April thla atanga harsatna awm miahloa lo in peih hman a nih theihna turin a ni.

  1. BUDGET RUAHMAN A NIH DAN: Budget Ruahmannaah hian a buaipuitu ber chu Finance Ministry an ni a, pa chanchang a an buaipui angai a ni. Sawrkar kumthar a lo thlen hma thla 6 velah, September-October thla velah Administrative Ministry hrang hrang (Home, HRD, Defence etc) hnenah Kum thara an sum hmantur ruahmanna te thehlut turin an ti a. An niin uluk ataka an lo ruahmana an thlir hnuah, Finance Minsitry-ah an theh lut a. An niin uluk takin an lo thlir a, administrative Ministry te nena ngaihdan inang lo an lo neih chuan Administrative Ministry lampang hian Union Cabinet-ah an theh lut a, anni thutlukna chu thu tawp a ni. Chumi hnu chuan, Finance Ministry chuan, sum hmanna tur chungchanga ruahmanna tawp an siam ta a. Sum hmanna tur mil hian hmuhna tur an ruahman leh a. Chhiah kaihhnawih thil a nih chuan, chhiah lam pang buaipuitute Central Board of Direct Taxes etc te nen an inrawn tlang thin. Budget an peih fel hnuah Cabinet hmaah an pharh a. Cabinet-in an pawm hnuin, Parliament-ah Budget hi pharh a ni ta thin a ni.
  2. BUDGET HMAN THEIH A NIHNA TUR A KALKAWNG: Finance Minister chuan Budget a pharh rikngawt hian a hman nghal theih ngawt lo a. Paltlang tur tam tak a la nei a ni.

Finance Minister-in a pharh a a. Chumi hnuah sawi ho a ni. Parliament in hnihah sawi ho a ni a. hemi hian ni li ni nga chu a awh a. Chumi hnuah an han chawl a. An chawlh chhungin Parliamentary standing Committee hrang hrangin ministry hrang hrang sum hman duhdante chu an han thlir lehin, an zir chiang a. An thlirna chu an ziak a. Parliament in hnihah an thlen leh a. Parliamentary Standing Committee hi 17 a awm.

Departmental Standing Committee thlirna eng atang chuan, Demand for Grants (Sum hman phalna leh hman zat tur) chungchangah Vote an thlak ta thin a. Hemi Vote thlakna hi chu Lok Sabha chanpual liau liau a ni a, Rajya Sabha chuan an ti ve thei lo a, an sawiho ringawt thei a ni. Demand tin hi sawi ho a ni a. Sum hman tur ti tlem tur pawhin member ten an phut thei a. Chu chu ‘Cut Motion’ an ti. Cut Motion hi chi thum a awm leh a. Disapproval of Policy Cut Motion, Economy Cut Motion leh Token Cut Motion te.

Demand for Grants atana vote pek hun chhung hi ni 26 a ni.

Appropriation Bill pass leh a la ngai a, sum hman phalna tihna a ni mai. President-in a hming a sign hnuin, appropriation act a lo ni thin. Hemi hnu hian Finance Bill angina a kal leh a. Chu chu an pass hnuin Budget chu hman theih a lo ni ta a ni. Appropriation Bill hi chu sum hman phalna tiin sawi ila, Finance Bill hi chu hmuhna tura hmalak phalna tiin sawi ila a fiah mai awm e.

  1. BUDGET TOBUL: Saptawng thumal hlui, ‘Bougett’ tih atanga lo kal a ni a. British Chancellor of Exchequer-in sawrkar kum thar lo awm tur atana pawisa hman tur ruahmanna a siamna lehkha khainan savun Ip a hmang thin a. Chumi sawina chu a ni a. Sum hman tur ruahmanna ziahna lehkha sawinana hman a ni chho ta a ni. 2020-21 Budget chu

CHHIAH:

1) Income Tax rate tih hniam a ni. Mizorama miten kan pek ve lem loh avangin Tarlang lo mai ila.

2) Companies ten Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) an pek angai tawh lo ang.

3) Aadhaar card hmanna tur thil an sawi leh nual bawk.

ECONOMY AND FINANCE

1) Bank deposit insurance chu ₹1 lakh atangin ₹5 lakh-ah pawisa dahtu(depositor)pakhat zel tan tihpun a ni.

2) Companies Act siam that tum a ni.

3) LIC a sawrkar chanvo thenkhat chu hralh tum a ni.

AGRICULTURE:

1) Agriculture kaihhnawiha hman turin ₹2.83 lakh crore dah hran a ni.

2) 2022 chuan lo neitute sum lakluh chu a leta tihpun hman tum a ni.

3) Tui harsa zual district 100 puihna tur ruahman a ni.

4) loneitu nuai 20 vel kawlphetha etc tur ruahman sak an ni.

5) Thingtlang khuaah Vantlang buhzem siam a ni anga. Hmeichhe self Help group ten an enkawl ang.

HEALTH LAM

1) ₹69,000 crore dah a ni.

2) Swachh Bharat agan ₹12,300 crore.

3) Khawpui thenkhatah PPP modein private hospital siam a ni ang.

EDUCATION

1) ₹99,300 crore chu education sector atan dah a ni.

2) ₹3,000 chu skill development atan.

3) online education lam hmasawnna tur ruahmana a awm.

4) National police university leh national forensic science university siam tum a ni.

INFRASTRUCTURE

Inkalpawhna tha zawk siamna turin ₹1.7 lakh crore for dah hran a ni.

National Logistics Policy pho chhuah thuai a ni ang.

Indian Railways tan ni zung chakna hmanga kawlpetha siamchhuahna lian zawk siamtum a ni.

Bengaluru suburban rail project ₹18,600 crore senna tur ruahman a ni.

national highways 12 zet chu 2024-ah chuan sum siamna atana hman tawh tum a ni.

2024-ah Airport 100 dang puitlin hman tum a ni.

KHARNA

Economist ho beisei a phalo ang reng hle niin a lang a. A thatna emaw, thatlohna emaw lam chu sawi ve vaklo ila. Indian Union Budget thleng hian kan ngaihven a, kan inzir a. Kan politik khawthlir ken tel zingah tel tir ve ila a tha awm e.

Phurthut leh kan la sawi ve leh mahna.