FOR DUTY, HONOUR, PEOPLE

(An old article written in 2018)

KEYWORDS: Sacrifice, Insurgents, duty, fight, death,  people, community, society, Family.

ABSTRACT: The police are required to perform numerous jobs with anonymity and mostly in an anonymous manner. They are the backbone of a civilization. A lot of sacrifices have to be made by them to keep the society move forward. One of the most peaceful states in India, Mizoram has endured insurgency periods in the course of its history. MNF insurgency (1966-1986) covered the whole of Mizoram, HPC (1989-1994), HPC D (1994-2018), BNLF (1997-2005) – covered only a specific portion of Mizoram. Largely due to the efforts of Mizoram Police Force, the society endures and returns to normalcy. 56 personnel of Mizoram Police had lost their lives and lots of the policemen suffered horrific physical and mental injuries in the line of duties. The sacrifices they made, their sweats, their bloods and their hard works ensured that the people of Mizoram live in an enduring peace.

Introduction: According to National Police Commission set up by the Government of India in 1977, the followings are the duties and responsibilities of the police:

i) To promote and preserve public order

ii) Investigate crimes

iii) Identify problems and situations that are likely lead to crimes;

iv) Reduce the opportunities for the commission of crimes through preven­tive patrol and other police measures;

v) Aid and cooperate with other relevant agencies in implementing appro­priate measures for prevention of crimes;

vi) Aid individuals who are in danger of physical harm;

vii) Create and maintain a feeling of security in the community;

viii) Facilitate orderly movement of people and vehicles;

ix) Counsel and resolve conflicts and promote amity;

x) Provide other appropriate services and provide relief to people in dis­tress; and

xi) Collect intelligence reports relating to matters affecting public peace and crimes in general including social and economic offences, national integrity and security.

In order to fulfill the duties delineate by the laws and expected by the people, the police personnel have to sacrifice a lot. They are the first line of defense against internal threats. Being in a police force requires sacrifices of their family lives, leisure time and even the ultimate price that is their life.

The supreme sacrifices of the police largely goes unnoticed due to continued indifference on part of the polity, media, society and other established institutions that cannot do without the police, and yet they don’t remember the police as it has been taken for that cops will selflessly continue to serve all institutions despite the non-recognition of the force to meet the expectations of one and all.

Such indifference and the functioning of the police today calls for a closer look at the state of affairs existing with the police force in India. Most unfortunately, the police have not got its due even though it is embedded in every segment of the country. It is a neglected lot and dismissed as corrupt, inefficient and not people-friendly. Such allegations could be partially true but arguably, we have not seen any visible and genuine attempts by the detractors and critics of the police to improve its image. None whatsoever!

This will be an attempt to honour and commemorate the sacrifices made by Police in the line of duty with particular references to the Mizoram Police.

Mizoram:
Mizoram is a mountainous state nestling in the southern tip of the north-east region of India. Covered with verdant forests dominated by thick bamboo groves, teeming with vibrant wildlife, sheer cliffs and breath-taking waterfalls, dotted with unique landmarks of myriad folklores and picturesque villages of houses built on stilts, a land of dramatic seas of morning mists that enfold islands of hills and peaks, this is the land of the Highlanders, or the Mizo.

Standing aloof from the adjacent plains of Assam and the other neighboring states, Mizoram remains an exotic location sharing more than one-third of its boundary with Bangladesh and Myanmar and its capital, Aizawl is still one of the least-frequented cities in India. With a population of 1,091,014 only, it is one of the most sparsely-populated states. Mizoram has a moderate and pleasant climate throughout the year, and is an idyllic land of great natural beauty having rich variety of flora and fauna.

Insurgency

One of the most peaceful states in India, the state of Mizoram experiences Insurgency three times. The First one starts from 1966 and ended in 1986, it affects the whole of Mizoram. Mizo national Front took up arms in 1966 and laid down their arms on 30th June, 1986.

At the conclusion of Mizoram Peace Accord in 1986, Hmar People Convention was immediately started as the Hmar community was unhappy with the terms and conditions of the accord citing that there was nothing in store. For the first three years of its existence, demands were made by non-violent methods, and realizing that its resultant effects were not matching their demands. Hence, the HPC takes up arms on May 16, 1989 and a peace deal was brokered on July 27, 1994 resulting in the creation of SHDC (Sinlung Hills Development Council).

A faction of HPC, who were unhappy with the peace deal brokered in 1994 between the state of Mizoram and the HPC, started HPC (D) continued to engage in arms conflict with the State of Mizoram. A peace treaty was signed on 2018 ending all the insurgent activities in the states of Mizoram.

Besides the above insurgents activities by MNF, HPC, HPC(D), a bru insurgent group known as  BNLF were active from 1997-2015.

The HPC, HPC D and BNLF militant activities covered only a specific region and small parts of Mizoram. The HPC, HPC D, and BNLF demanded an autonomous district.

History of Mizoram Police:

The History of Mizoram Police can be divided into three periods

  1. The British Period (1890-1947): Modern System of policing was introduced to the Mizo’s after the British Government took over the Lushai Hills way back in the year 1890. The first Police Station was established in Aizawl in 1895. The Civilian Police was started on 1899. It was initially manned by 2 Sub inspectors and other ranks of 49 persons.
  2. As a Mizo District in Assam (1947-1972): In 1947, six (6) Police Stations sanctioned at Aizawl, Lunglei, Saiha, Kolasib, Champhai and Tlabung. The First Superintendent of Police was posted in 1960. A small CID Cell was started under the supervision of Dy. SP.
  3. As an independent Police Force (1972- ) Mizoram became union territory on 21.01.1972. Thus, Mizoram Police was born. I.J. Verma was the first IGP of Mizoram. 1st Battalion Mizoram Armed Police established in 1973. In 1986 Mizoram Attained Statehood, re-organization and up-gradation of Mizoram Police was done.  In 1998: Forensic Science Laboratory established. Mizoram Police has its own Police Act 92011), its own manual- Mizoram Police Manual-2005 and Mizoram Police Special Branch Manual.

Sacrifices made by Police personnel

In the course of History of Mizoram Police, 56 Police personnel have laid down their lives in the line of duty. From Constable to IGP, they earned glory with their lives.

Mizoram insurgency starts on 1.3.1966. The first Policeman who lost his life was SI Laldochhunga who was posted at CID (SB) on 25.3.1966, just 24 days after the starts of the insurgency. SI Zoramthara Khawlhring, Constable Hmangaihmawia and Driver C. Lalchuailova were the last ones to lose their lives in the line of duty. It was on March, 2015 while escorting Assurance Committee, Mizoram Legislative assembly; HPC (D) Militants ambushed them near Zokhawthiang Village. These three braves lost their lives in that ambushed.

It can spefically be stated that  56 Policemen lost their lives in the struggle against 4 insurgent groups such as MNF, HPC, HPC (D) and BNLF. Apart from the army’s help during the MNF insurgency period, against all the other insurgent groups such as HPC, HPC (D) and BNLF, the Mizoram Police Force fought alone. 56 of the laid down their lives and several others were injured. As result of the sacrifices made by the members of Mizoram Police Force, 15 President’s Police Medal for gallantry and 41 Police Medal for gallantry had been earned.

The most significant and high profile martyrdom by the Mizoram Police Personnel must have been the death of G.S. Arya, IPS, IGP Mizoram, K. Panchapagesan, IPS and L.B. Sewa, IPS. On 13.1.1975, G.S. Arya along with K. Panchapagesan and L.B. Sewa were having an important meeting in the office chamber of Gs Arya, IGP Mizoram. It was at the height of Insurgency of MNF. MNF militants namely SS Capt. Lalhleia, SS Capt Thangrehlova, SS Capt. Kapkima, SS corp. K. Zoramthanga and SS Pvt. C. Lalhmachhuana, attempt an abduction of the three officers. A fight ensued between the parties which led to the death of the three top officers of Mizoram Police. Their deaths in a way change the course of the insurgency and resulting in the gradual weakening of the MNF militant groups.

15 personnel of Mizoram Police lost their lives during the MNF insurgency and were decorated with 1 President Police medal for gallantry, 3 Police Medal for Gallantry.

During the active period of HPC as an insurgent group, 6 members of Mizoram Police laid down their lives in defense of the life, liberty and property of the people and two of them earned President’s Police Medal for gallantry, posthumously.

At the peak of Naxalite-Maoists insurgency, 2nd IR Mizo Battalion was deployed in Chhattisgarh for counter insurgency Operation from 2006-2008. During their two years deployment in the naxal affected areas, 10 of the personnel of 2nd IR Mizo battalion lost their lives. Since, 20.07.2009, 3rd IR Mizo Battalion has been deployed at Assam for Counter Insurgency Operations, and there has been no casualty in the fight against insurgents in Assam.

8 policemen lost their lives in the struggle against HPC (D) (1994-2018). 7 Police personnel were killed in the fight against BNLF (1997-2005).

I shall mention the incidents leading to the death of L/Nk P.C. Vanlalpeka as it falls  the category of cross-border terrorism. A Myanmar outfit, Chin national Army (CNA) enters the eastern part of Mizoram in the year 1996 and starts activities like extortion, Kidnapping, Murder, etc. A Mizoram Police Counter-insurgency operation team consisting of 12 (twelve) personnel including L/Nk P.C. Vanlalpeka was sent to launch an offensive and preventive operation in areas covering Champhai town and its satellite villages. On 4th August, 1996, an attempt was made by Peka’s team to rescue the hostage in the jungles of Champhai. The hostages were kept inside a hut in the middle of the forest. The police team attempts a rescue mission resulting in the fire fight between Mizoram Police Operation team and the CNA militants. Peka was shot at his forehead around 9:30 PM and died there. 

Some of the personnel of Mizoram police lost their lives in the fight PLA (Manipur Outfit) as well. Besides the loss of life, there are many policemen severely injured not only in the fight against the Insurgents, but during different moments in the day to day life.

The death of these 56 Policemen that were once part of Mizoram Police Force, who were killed in the line of duty, are reminders that police take great risks every day to keep our communities safe and are willing to sacrifice their life for those they serve.

CONCLUSION:

Mizoram mostly being peaceful, the loss of life by the members of Mizoram Police is quite low as compared to Police force in other states of India. That does not mean that, no other sacrifices were made. The loss of life in the line of duty occurs during the period of Insurgencies. But the peace time sacrifices made by the Policemen were not in any way lesser. Their hard work, dedication, and sacrifices made possible peaceful atmosphere of Mizoram as it is today. 

Despite the chronic attitude of many and their skeptical view of the Police, the Mizoram police strive to maintain its duty as the Law requires it and as the people needs and deserved.

The sacrifices of the policemen may not be fully recognized by the people. It may not even be acknowledged even by those who directly benefitted through that sacrifice, the police keep standing on the ground for Duty, Honour and honour alone.

The words of Dr. Andrew L. Tang, trauma medical director for Banner-University Medical Center, rang in my mind while researching the story of the 56 policemen of Mizoram who died on the line of duty and let me quote it for the 56, for the survivors and for those who made sacrifice in the peace time, “In every society there are the givers and takers and those who sacrifice. Communities are built on the shoulders of those who sacrifice”. The Police lend strong shoulders upon which the Mizo society is built.

References:

  1. https://tourism.mizoram.gov.in/cont/1
  2. https://police.mizoram.gov.in/
  3. 47th Raising Day souvenir (2018): Mizoram Police
  4. Lalsangzuala, J. (2010). Mizoram, the Land of Char, Zokhumi b-50 Mission veng.
  5. Chawngkunga, C. (1998). Important documents of Mizoram. Art and Culture Department, Aizawl.

(for Indian Police Journal, December 2018)

KAPHLEIA NI (NOVEMBER NI 13) PUALIN

TLANGVAL KAPHLEIA

“Thihna chu ka hlau lo a, Thlan thim chu ka hlau hek lo, ” titu chu Vawiin ni ang kum 80 kal ta khan, Nung turin a thi a, Chatuan lawmnaah a lut ta.

A thlanlung a pain a phunah chuan, heti hian a inziak a

“Kan fapa neih chhun

Kan thlamuanna ber thin” tiin. Kaphleia chanchin hre chiang apiangin a nu leh pa rilru natdan tur hi a hriatthiam pui anga, Mizo hnamin a chan ropui zia an hriatthiam chuan, Chalchingvunga leh Chuaizovi te tluk bawkin an thinlung a na ang. Kaphleia chu Mizo hnam thlamuanna ber thin pakhat chu a ni si a.

He hnam hi, mawl tak a la nih laiin, Vai ramah lehkha zirin a awm a. Hnam pumpuiin an thlir rawn a nih laiin, Natna tihbaiawm takin a man a. “Mihringte hi engkim duh a, engkim hmu tlak lote kan ni, kan chan chheteah kan lawm mai tur a ni” a la ti cheu thei a ni.

Mahni hlawkna theuh um , kan buai chhoh mep mep laiin, Mahni aia Ram leh hnam dah pawimawh hmasa, Pathian dah hmasa zel tute chuan he ram tana tih tur la ngah em em a inhre chungin ram tha leh zual zawk an lo pan tawh a.

1940 a piangte chu putar an ni tawh. 1940 khan Tlangval pakhat a thi a, Mizo hnam tan channa ropui tak a ni. A hunlaia natna tih baiawm ngawr natnain a tlak buak a, Calcutta lam a a lehkha zirna atanga lo hawin, “Thi turin ka lo haw e” a ti hial a ni.

Chu tlangval ngaihah chuan, Mizo hnam chu a ropui ber a. Ram leh hnam leh Pathian rawngbaawl chu kan tihtur awm chhun ni hialin a hria a ni. “Kan tih leh kan sawi engkm mai hi, Pathian leh kan ram tan ni se” a ti hial a ni.

A huaisen khawp mai, “Thihna lo thleng tur chu ka hlau lo a, thlan thim pawh ka hlau hek lo” a ti hial a.Ram leh hnam tana tihtur nei kuhtul chunga mual a liam tur chu na a ti em em a, “fapa hrin man awmlo” a inti hial a ni.

Mizo Essay hmasa ber, “Thlirtu” a ziak a, Short Story, “Chhingpuii” a ziak baawk a, hla ropui, ” Zoram ka ram” tih te a phuah a, Hla pui hmingthang, “Jerusalem ka in ropui tih hi a leh lin a ni bawk.

Kaphleia kha Government High School. Shillong-ah a kal thin a. Chu chu Khasi Nationalist hoin an din a ni a.1880 khan an din a ni. Hemi hnu reilote hian Kaphleia te sikul dintute tho hian Khasi ho press hmasa ber pawh an din leh a ni. Kaphleia te High School kal kha chu an fel tawh viau a. A diary atanga en pawhin a high School kallai khan a lehkhabu chhiar pawh a puitling tawh hle a ni.

A hnuah Calcutta-ah lehkha a zir leh a. Bengali ho an vanglai a ni ber ang chu, chutih hun lai chu!

Khawvel inlum leh hunlai a ni a, khawvel ram hrang hrangah pawh ram leh hnam hmangaihna kawngah mipuite an thang harh a. Khawvel indopui pahnih inkar cheh hunah an awm a, hun danglam takah chuan Kaphleia chu lehkha zirin a awm a. Hetih lai hian India ramah pawh Gandhi-a kaihhruaina hnuaiah zalenna sualin an vanglai tak an thleng chho a. A lehkha zirna hmun Calcutta chu Indian Nationalist ho kulhpui pakhat a ni a, Indian National Movement-ah period tam zawk chu calcutta hi a hmunpui ber a ni hial awm e. National Movement leader tam berte hi Bengali an lo ni bawk a. Chung hun vang lai, Civil Disobedience Movement velte a lar chhoh laia lehkha zir chu kaphleia kha a ni. Chungte chuan Kaphleia hi nasa takin a nghawng a ni tih a hriatthiam theih awm e.

A lehkha zirna boruak leh a hun tawn te han en hian Nationalist a ni hi a awm viau a ni. Mizo Hnam tana zalenna duhtu a rawn ni a, Vai hoin India ram zalenna an duh ang bawkin, Kaphleia chuan Mizo te zalenna chu a duh a, independent ram kan nih chu a duh ve a ni. Politics rilru chhiain a ti buai lo a, hnam hmangaihna thinlung diktak a pu a. India miah a in ngai ngai reng reng lo a, a ni ngai miau hek lo a!

Kaphleia hun lai khan Mizo leh British Indo atang khan kum 40 bawr emaw chauh a la inher liam a, kha Indona chanchin pawh kha a tel ve ate ngei ka atang pawhin a dawngin a rinawm a. Mizo hnam a ngaihhlut zia te kan sawi tawh a. Chu mizo hnam chu tu thuhnuaiah mah kun lo se, ama kein ding se, tih chu a duhthusam a ni.

A twngtaina pawh hetiang hi a ni
“Aw chung Pathian
Hnam tin khawngaihtu thin;
I fate bawk kan ni
Mi hnuaia kan kun bik phal suh la.
Hnehchhiah leh bumna min dopui la
Kan innghahna thutak ni se;
Kan tih leh kan sawi apiangte
Pathian leh kan ram tan ni se”

“Aw chung Pathian
Mahnia ding turin,
Thudik leh fel zawmin
Chakna, finna min zuk pe la…”

Kaphleia thinlungah chuan Mizo chu hnam (nation) a ni a. Ama kein a ding tur a ni tih hi a ni. Keini pawhin Mizo hnam hi nation a ni a, a tawpkhawka kan nihna tur chu tuma hnuaia kun loh hi a ni, tih hi kan theihnghilh loh angai a, heta tang hian kan identity pawh kan din a tul a ni. Chu chu h khawvela kan dinchhuahna tur pawh a ni ang.

Kum 78 kal ta khan, “Kan dam rei leh reiloh te hi, Kum te, thlate hian a hril ber lo, kan thu leh kan thiltihin a hril ber zawk a ni” ti tu, fapa hrin man awm, Kaphleia chu kum 30 mi chauh niin a thi.

Kaphleia chu a thi tawh a, Kaphleia chu a dam reng ang.

“Ar ang ka vaihna tlang zawng zawng hi

Ka zua Lal hnenah ka hrilh hun chuan

Hmangaih banin min pawm ang;

Engmah reng ka hlau lovang,

Aw, Chatuan lawmna ka chang tawh ang” tia a lo thlir hmun, JERUSALEM a IN ROPUI-ah chuan lawmna leh muanna chang tawhin min lo nghak a ni.

“Aw Lalpa, Kaphleia min pek avangin kan lawm e”

DEPLOYMENT OF FORCES AT THE BORDER AREAS OF MIZORAM

: The Chief Secretary, Shri Pu Lalnunmawia Chuaungo this afternoon had a Press Conference at SAD Conference Hall, MINECO where he had briefed media persons on the outcome of the meeting held with Union Home Secretary Shri Ajay Kumar Bhalla and his Assam counterpart Shri Jishnu Baruah regarding the current border impasse at Lailapur, agreement regarding the deployment of Central Armed Police Forces in the border areas provided by the Union Government and the re-opening of NH-306 which has been blockaded at Lailapur in Assam for the past 12 days.

The Chief Secretary pointed that Mizoram and Assam have a long standing border dispute but due to the recent flare ups along the disputed areas, all highways from Assam into Mizoram have been blockaded for the past 12 days. He said that the Union Government has been making sincere efforts for reopening the highways connecting to Mizoram to the rest of the country while addressing the concerns of both state governments.

He noted that the meeting initiated by the Union Home Secretary today attended by him and his Assam counterpart was fruitful. He said that Mizoram had agreed to redeploy a part of its police forces which are currently deployed near the disputed areas to reassure its residents in the border areas. He said that three companies of BSF which have sent to the State Government by the Central Government will be deployed at the borders areas at Vairengte and Saihapui-V in Kolasib District adjoining Cachar District of Assam and at Thinghlun in Mamit District adjoining Karimganj District of Assam and an equal number of the state police forces from these areas would be redeployed elsewhere. On the part of Assam, he said the Assam Government had agreed to take steps to open all blockades of the highways connecting Mizoram and Assam from today evening itself. He mentioned that 1 Company and 1 Platoon of BSF would be deployed at Vairengte; two Platoons at Saihapui-V and 1 Company at Thinghlun. He also mentioned that for the time being a small section of its police forces would still be present in the areas to reassure the people in the border as agreed by the Union Home Secretary on the graded withdrawal of forces.

Pu Lalnunmawia Chuaungo said that Mizoram was committed to the agreement arrived in the meeting and hoped that Assam Government too would be committed towards getting the highways reopened. He pointed that the bomb explosions in two schools in the disputed areas was deplorable and such acts are acts of vandalism which need to be condemned at all levels. He appealed to people of both states in the border areas work for peace and harmony and return of normalcy in the areas.

The Chief Secretary mentioned that the Government of Mizoram explored alternative routes for transport of essential supplies from other neighbouring states and some headway had been made. He further said that the Chief Minister also contemplated getting supplies from neighboring countries since the 12 days of blockade has caused a big distress to the population.

COURTESY: DIPR, Mizoram

INDIA RAM THUBUAI REM DAN KALPHUNG TI DANGLAMTU

India ram thubuai rem dan (Criminal Justice System) kan tihah hian Khawvel hmun danga an la hman Jury System hi a awm thin a. Tun hnu hian a awm ve ta lo a. Chumi tibotu, nghawng chhuaktu chu, thubuai pakhat a awm a. Chu thubuai chu, vawiin thlenga titia la sawi a ni a. Tawitein, han sawi ve dawn ila.

Nanavati case an ti mai a. A case thawnthu hrim hrim a ngaihnawm a. A kaihhnawih thil dang pawh a ngaihnawm. Chipchiarin sawi lo ila.

A thubuai hming put chhan KM Nanavati hi Naval commander a nia…A nupui bialpa Prem Ahuja thata puh a nia…1959 ah trial hi an nei a.

Prem Ahuja leh sylvia nanavati kha an inngaizawng a…Commander nanavati kha naval assignment in a chhuak zing bawk si

Sylvia Nanavati chuan, a pasal then a…Ahuja neih a duh a…Prem Ahuja chuan, a lo kawp satliah mai mai a lo nih hmela. Sylvia-in. alaka a rilru puthmang ang kha a lo pu ve lem lo niin a lang.

Tumkhat chu commander nanavati lo hawng khan, a nupui chu amah hlat riau (aloof and distant)in a hria a, a ngaitha loin…a zawt ta a…

A nupui chuan thil diktak sawiin, Prem Ahuja nen a, an affiars kha sawi ta a…KM Nannavati hian a service pistolin a va kaphlum ta a ni. A kahhlum hmain, a nupui chu a nei duh angem, an fate pathum chu a fateah a pawm duh angem, tih a zawt a…Prem Ahuja chuan ‘Duhlo’ a lo ti sia..vawi thum a kap a…Chumi hnu chuan, western naval command-ah provost matshall hnenah a va in pe ta a ni. Chutichuan, thubuai chu an ngaihtuah chho ta a.

Hemi trialah hian culpable homicide leh murder chungchangah an in contest chho ta a. Tiang vel chuan a kal chho…Greater bombay session court jury khan 8-1 in section 302 IPc a an puhna chu ‘not guilty’ an ti ta a ni. Hei hi Jury system tih tawpna bul lo intanna chu a ni ta a ni.

302 IPC hmangin KM Nannavati chu thil ti suala puh a ni a. Nannavati te lam erawh chua, “A kaphlum ngei a…Murder erawh a nilo” an ti ve ta tlat a. an ti a nih chu..Section 300 IPC exception 1 leh 4 hian culpable homicide murder. anih loh ‘dan a sawi a
ukil te khan murder. anilo. Culpable homicide not amounting to murder’ a ni e, tiin an tang ta tlat sia. A technical a sin aw.

Session court atangin Bombay hight court ah an kai a. Bombay high court in life sentence a pe a. Bombay Governor chuan high court sentence chu a suspend a. Bombay governor order chu supreme court in a suspend ve leh a.A pui a sin. Chipchiar taka zir tham a ni.

Prem ahuja kha sindhi community a ni a. Sindhi community in 1963 kha ngaihdamna lehkha an ziak a. Governor of Bombay in a ngai dam..Nehru a farnu smt. vijayalaksmi pandit kha chutih laia Governor chu a ni.

Tan in atanga a chhuah hnu hian KM Nannavati hi, a nupui fanaute finin Canada-ah a kal ve zui ta a ni. 2003 khan a thi.

PA THIL HREZAU THAROOR-A

Indian Politician, UN diplomats thin, Thuziak thiam ni bawk Sashi Tharoora hian thil a han hre khawp a. A hre thukin a hre ril a. Eng thil pawh sawi se, Facts and figures zawng zawng nena sawi thlap thlap thei, sawi ngaihnawm thiam bawk si a ni.

You Tube-ah a thusawi hi ka en in ka ngaithla fo a. A hmuhnawmin a ngaihnawm tel bawk. A thil sawi hi a hrechiang em em thin bawk. Amah hi Google kal thei a ni ringawt.

US Secretary of Defense Gen. James Mattis pawh hi mahni subject hrechianga sawi a ni a. A hna kaihhnawih hi chu a kum kar, kil leh khawk rawk ami pawh, “Chu chu chutiang chu a nia” ti nalh nalh thei a ni. Gen Stanley McChristal pawh lehkhabu pahnih chhiar kawp reng a ni.

Tharoor a te ang, Living Encyclopaedia, Library kal thei, Google Nung ang chi hi an hmuhnawm a, an ngaihnawm, ngaihthlak an nuam a. A lehkhabu reng renga a thuziakte hi a chiang thei thin fek fawk khawp mai. Mizo Thuziak thiam lar tak pakhat lehkhabu ka chhiar kha chuan, a lehkhabu dang zel chhiar zui chakna a bo lek lek mai! A hriat pawlh nasa lutuk a. Mi pakhat lehkhabu ziak chungchang a sawi a. A sawipa khan bu hnih chauh, hawi zawng inang lo lutuk leh nghal a ziak a. Ani kan pu khan a han hriat pawlh tlat mai a. A bu hming ngawtte kha a sep rawtui nasa em em mai a. A thil sawi lah a ni lo bak si a. A chhiar zau lemloin ka hriat phah ta!

Mihring hian kan ngaihven a, kan peih phawt chuan thil hi a lo hriat theih khawp mai. Edmund Burke-a khan Paradise Lost a sawichhuak thei vek! Dan lam kaihhnawih hnathawktu zingah pawh a section kil kar, a article biru ru nen pawh chawp leh chilha thilthleng kaihhnawiha sawi thei an awm thin.

Thil hre zau, hre ril, hre kil, hrechiang Tharoor-a hi 9 March 1956 a ni a. Mahni hriat lam hriat chianah chuan, Justice Rohinton Nariman-a hi a tluk lo hret mai awm mange aw, ka ti deuh. Chu chuan Rohinton Narimana hriatna chungchuan dan san zia a tilang ang. Tharoor-a meuh ai pawha thil hria chu. Londona piang niin, India ramah a seilian a. St. Stephen’s, Delhi atanga BA zir zo a ni a. Fletcher school atangin internaltional Relations a zir zo leh a. Hun reife UNO-ah a thawh hnuin, a bansan a. Politics luh chilhin MP A ni chho zui ta a ni.

Lehkha ziak mi a ni a. Thawnthu leh thu lo a ziak a. A thuziak hi a ngaihnawm viau zel. A thusawi ang thoa ngaihnawm a ni. Mak tih khawpa saptawng thiam a ni a. A hriatna rilna leh a sawichhuah thiamna hrim hrim pawh hian pa ropui takah a siam ve reng reng.

Tharoor-a in zir peih leh hriatna ril, kut chhuak nei tha hi kan hnam tan awhawm tak a ni.

CHHIAR SEN LOH CHHIAR THEITU CHU

Kum 32 chauh he khawvelah a dam a. A thihna pawh kum 1920 daih tawh kha a ni.

Srinivasa Ramanujan-a kha khawvela mathematician ropui berah mi tam tak chuan an ngai a ni. ‘The man who knew infinity’ tiin an sawi thin.

Tamil Nadu-ah rethei taka tei mai mai kha eng tin tin emaw a kut chhuakin Cambridge a thleng a. Amah pawh Cambridge-ah pawh an la chho ta hial reng a. A hun laia solve theih loh Mathematics zawhna tam tak kha awlsam deuhin a chawk chhuak zung zung a.

Mathematics a a ngaihdan tam tak an la zir a. A dik a ni tih tun hnaiah pawh an la hriatchhuah belh zel chauh a ni. “The lost notebook” an tih mai, Mathematics lam kaihhnawih a ziahna note bu kha 1976 khan an hmu chhuak a. An zir luih luih mai a ni. A thil sawi te pawh an proof zung zung theilo. A thiam rilin, a thiam thuk em em a. A mathetical equation ho kha an hrethiam chho leih leih chauh a ni.

Cambridge a Mathematics professor te pawhin “Kan aiin a thiam zawk e”, an ti thin. Trinity College, Cambridge atangin BSc a zo a. A dam rei zui lutuk ta lo a. Damrei deuh se, engangin nge Mathematics khawvel hi a tih danglam ang tih hi ngaihtuah phak a ni lo.

A specialised na hi analytic number theory, elliptic integrals te a ni. Analytic Number theory chu Number theory peng pakhat a ni a. Mathematic dana thil zirchianna method te hmanga integer (number pum/puitling…1, 2, 3 ang chi…9.75, 10 1/2 ang hi integer a ni lo) a chawh chhuah ngai (problem solving) chhawhchhuahna a ni. Elliptical integral chu Integral calculus chhunga thil pakhat a ni, ti mai ang. Mathematics a pawl sawm piah lam zir tan lo chuan a fiah dawn chuang lo.

The Ramanujan Journal tih a awm bawk a. Ramanujana kaihhnawih mathematics lam zir zauna thuziak an ti chhuak thin.

Middle School kan kal laiin Ramanujan-a chanchin hi Pu Rk Malsawma khan a sawi thin a. Chanchin ngaihnawm tak, khawngaihthlak leh lung ti leng lawi si a ni.

Jorhat science Centre and Planetarium kawtah amah chawimawina lim, awm chin chunglam zawng hi an lo siam a. Ramanujana lo pawh an lo ti nual.

A chanchin hi Movie-ah an siam a. Dev Patela a chan kha.

“Equation te hian Pathian ngaihtuahna an puan chhuah loh chuan ka tan awmzia a nei lo e” a ti a. A damreilo ta em a. A damchhung huna sikul kl mumal lo si kha, a chhiarkawp thiam dan lutuk kha, Pathianin min pek a ni, a tih kha a pawmawm leh zual em em a ni.