GARIBALDI -F. Vanlalrochana

 

Hlawh ka tiam thei lo che u a, Chenna hmun ka tiam theilo che u a, chaw pawh ka tiam thei lo che u. Riltamna, Tuihalna, Peihloh chunga hmalam pan luih tirna, Indona leh Thihna chu ka tiam thei teh meuh mai che u .A hmu ni lo a, a thinlunga a hnam hmangaihtu chuan mi zui rawh se.

Mizo fate kan inpumkhatna tur leh kan in unaua kan insuihkhawmna tura Brig.T.Sailo hma lo lak tawhna te, ZORO te thleng pawhin ka ngaihtuah chhuak fo a. Chutiang erawh chu ka ziah tum a ni lem lo. MZP-in ZOfest a buatsaih thinin a thil nghawng hrang hrang a taka hmutu ka ni a, a hlutzia pawh ka hmufiah viauin ka hria. North Eastern Police Academy-ah mizo hnahthlak unaute Manipur atangte an Police service a lut a, rawn training ve te an awm ve a. Chungte nen chuan, kum khat zet kan training ho a, Passing out parade ah te pawh “Cheraw Kan” kha show angai  a. A khawng tur mipa kan indaih loh avangin, lawm takin an rawn khawng ve mai a. An titiah pawh, Zofest a an tel ve thu te sawiin an tuipui hle thin. Chutiang zawng zawngte chu ziah ka tum lem lo a.

Italy ram insuihkhawm leh dan chanchin te, Germany insuihkhawm dan chanchin te hi a ngaihnawm em em mai. Garibaldi-an Italy insuih khawmna tura hma a lak dan te hi a ngaihnawm hi ka ti thin. Garibaldi-a chanchin hi han sawi ka duh a ni.

A CHHEHVEL THU: Rom Lal ram ropui tak mai kha, ram pahnih, Khawchhek lal ram leh khawthlang lal ramah te an inthen darh a. Khawthlang Lal Ram a lo tluk chhiat hnu chuan, Ostrogoth ho hnuaiah te, Lombard ho hnuaiah te, Byzantine ho hnuaiah te an kun chho a. A hnuah chuan Frank ho hnuaiah te pawh an kun chho ta zel a. Italy ram chu lal ram te takte, Khaw pakhat lek lek ang deuhin an lo tla darh ta a. Austria Lalna hnuaiah an kun a. Italian Independence War tum hnih (1848-49 leh 1858ah) an bei a. Heng hun lai hian Garibaldi a hi rawn lang tan ta a ni.

Hetia Italy ram an han tlakdarh tak nuaiah hian, an hnam dinhmun chu a tha lo ta hle mai a. An thu leh hla thiam ten theih tawp chhuahin, Ram leh hnam hmangaihna chungchang an han au chhuah pui tan ta a.  Dante AlighieriPetrarchBoccaccioNiccolò Machiavelli leh Francesco Guicciardini te hian an thawhhlawk hle. Machiavelli hian, a lehkhabu “Prince’ tihah pawh khan, Italy ram suihkhawma, Hnam hrawmhraw te laka chhandamtu tur an mamawh thute pawh a ziak a ni.

Heng an thu leh hla thiamte thu tlangaupui avangte, an ram hruaitu Nationalist ruh tak tak te avangin a chunga kan sawi tak war of independence te hi a lo chhuak chho a. Mi thahnemngai ten an han beih tak tak chuan, 1861 chuan Italy ram mumal tak a lo ding leh thei ta a ni.

Heng zawng zawngah hian Garibaldi chu a thawhhlawk hle a ni.

Garibaldi hi  July 4, 1807 in Nice, France-ah a lo piang a. An chhungkua hi sangha mantu leh tuipui kama sumdawng thin an ni a, a ni pawh kum 10 zet chu sangha mantuah a tang a. 1833, khan  Piedmont-Sardinia lalram lawng sipaiah a tang a. Russia Ram pana lawnga an zinnaah Mazzini zirtirna a tuipui tan a. Democratic-Republican sawrkar din a, Italy ram insuihkhawmna chu a damchhunga a tuipui ber a lo ni ta a ni.

South America rama tualchhung indonaah te a zu tel ve zak zak hnuin, 1846 chuan Italy ram boruak vang chuan Italy ramah a let leh ta a. Hetih lai hian Italy ramah chuan Nationalism meipui a vung chhoh tan lai mek a ni.

Lal neih duh lo(Republic) mah ni se, 1848 a Italian Indepdence War-ah chuan, Sardinian Lal, charles Albert chu theihtawp chhuahin a pui a. Ama mimal duhdan chu dah boin, Lal chu a puih chuan, Italy ram chu an insuih Khawm hma zawk dawnin a hria a ni. Heti Laia Garibaldi a nun atanga kan zirtur pawimawh tak mai chu, a ma mimal duhdan leh thuvawn (Principle) chu Lal neih loh (republic) a ni a. Mahse, Italy ram a hmangaih a, Italy chu insuihkhawm se a duh avangin Sardinia Lal lamah chuan 1848 Indonaah pawh a tang a ni. Keini chuan kan ram leh hnam ai chuan kan mimal duhdan leh lawmzawng hi kan dah hmasa thin a. Keimahni hi kan indah tha phal thin lo.

1848 Indonaah hian Garibaldi te lam hi an chakloh avangin Garibaldi chuan Italy ram chu a lo chhuahsan leh ta a. USA ah kalin New York ah a khawsa a. Hemi pah hian Tuipuia sumdawnna hrang hrang a buaipui.

1854 chuan, Italy ramah a kir leh ta a. Hun engemaw chen chu Lo neiin a hun hmang a. 1858-ah Italy zalen nana Indo tum hnihna a lo chhuah leh takah chuan, Garibaldi chu Major General atana ruat a ni a. Alps tlangah awmhmun an khuar a.

Hemi indonaah pawh hian, ama mimal duhdan chu Republican rilru, lal neih duhlohna rilru mah ni se, Italy ram a hmangaihna avanga insuihkhawm a duhna chuan, ama mimal duhdan a dahthat tir a, Lal te lamah a tang leh ta a, Sardinia lal Victor Immanuela chu a pui a ni.

1860 chuan Volunteer Sipai tlemte nen Sicily lal ram a hneh thei a. Chu chuan, a hming a chher hle a. Khawvel huapa ngaihsan a ni ta a ni.

Sicily a hneh hnuin, Italy ram chhungril zawk a luh chilh ta a. A kalna a iangah chuan Mipuiin an lo lawm hle zel a. Naple lal ram a hneh leh a. Rom khawpui pana, Italian republic din hia a rilruah awm mah se, ama dinhmun leh a sipai te dinhmun a ngaihtuah a, piedmont sipai tam tak mai chu a innghahna an ni bawk a. Rom lam chu pan zel loin, October ni 26, 1860 chuan, Victor Immanuela hmaah a ngunhnam dahin, Italy Lal angina chibai a buk a.

“Pathianin Italy ram chu  Victor Emmanuel-a a pe ta a ni. Italian zawng zawngin amah chu an tan tur a ni a. Victor Immanuela kiangah chuan kan innghirnghona zawng zawng kan paih boa ng” tiin a sawi nghe nghe a ni.

A hnu lamah pawh Democratic Republic sawrkar din tumin, Italy-ah te, USA-ah te, France ah te a bei zel thung a. Heng te hi a chhinchhiah tlakna lai chu a ni. Democratic-Republic sawrkar neih tuma a nunna thap si chuan, Italy ram a hmangaih em avangin, an ram dinchhuahna leh insuihkhawmna atan chuan Lal neih hi a tha zawka a hriat avangin Charles Alberta te, Victor Immanuela te a pui leh tlat si a ni. 1860-ah a duh chuan, Lal thutthleng pawh chuh ve thei reng siin, A hmangaih Italy ram tana tha ber nia hriain, Italy ram enkawlna chahbi chu Italy ram bung pakhata te ber maia an lal Victor Immanuela kutah a dah leh hmak si a ni.

Garibaldi kha mi rinawm leh nun tlang tak, hmingthanna, larna, ropuina leh thuneihna duh reng reng loa sawi a ni thin a. Hemi a mizia leh indona a hnehnate chuan mi tam tak ngainat a hlawhtir a. A thiltiha a tih tak takna te chuan, mi tam tak Italy insuihkhawmna tuipui turin an rilru a hneh a ni.Ral rel thiam chungchuang, Indo mi thei tak mah nise, Indona nghawng thalo te chu a hmuh chian avangin, a hun tawp lamah phei chuan, indona reng reng hi a duh ta miah lo a ni.

Garibaldi a te hi an ropui mange. A hmangaih Italy tan chuan amah a indahtha thak a, A duhdan a dah tha hmak a. Italy tana tha tur bera a hriat angin a theih tawp a chhuah a. Ama duhdan kalhin hialin a che a ni.

Mizo hnam insuihkhawmnan hian Garibaldi te ang hi kan mamawh a ni. Mizo hnam insuihkhawmna dah pawimawh tu ber kan mamawh. Mahni Politik kailawn atana hman tum, mahni ngaihdan leh duh dan paihbo tum miah loa tang tung te nen chuan Insuihkhawmna hi kan hlawhtlin pui hauh lo ang.

1882 khan kum 75 mi niin a thi a. Camillo Carvour, Victor Emmanuel II leh Giusieppe Mazzini te nen, Fathers of The Fatherland tia sawi thin an ni.

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