KAN MAMAWH LAND REFORM

Vietnam ramah hian 1975 hnulam khan Land Reform an kalpui a. Mi pakhat tan sq metre 360 zel an pe a. Chhungkaw member an tam deuh leh an nei tam a ni mai.

Chu ram chu kum 20 an enkawl a. An enkawl that leh kum 20 dang atan an renew leh thin. Tumah ram nei zau fal an awm lo a ni.

Khawvela buh thar chhuak hnem ber dawttu an ni a. Kumkhat vawihnih buh an seng a. Vaimim vawikhat an seng bawk. Tun hnaiah kumkhatah vawi thum thar theih buh an ching tan.

Mizoramah chuan ram nei zau em em an awm a. Ram nei lo an awm teuh bawk a. Inhmun thlengin a to em em a, rapthlak tham khawpin a to a ni.

Kan ram hian Land Reform kan mamawh tak zet mai. Civil society, Land reform lama hmala tu tal hi awm sela aw.

Vietnam lama an kalpui dan leh an hlawkpui dan kan sawi hian vietnam tih dan kha i entawn ang u kan ti a ni lo a, Land reform mumal taka kalpuiin rah tha a chhuah theih thu kan sawina a mai a ni. Kan ram dinhmun, inrelbawlna kalphung a inan loh avangin an tih anga tih ve ngawt theih chu a nilo.

India ramah hian tun hma chuan Mi tlemtein ram zau pui pui mai an nei a. An ramah chuan mi tam takin hna an thawk hlawh chhe tete an nei thin a ni.

India ram a lo zalen hnu khan Land reform an han kalpui mai chu, A dan a dang ta kawk kawk mai a ni. Hei hi, Mizoram nen a inlet ling thawk a. Tunah chuan, Mizoram chu mi tlemte kutah ram zau pui pui a awm ta. Lal ban an nih a, VC te kuta khawtlang rorelna a tluk luh khan, hma thlir thui lohna hmalakna a awm nual. Chu chuan, vawiin thleng hian min la nghawng a, chumi zingah chuan ram theh, neih leh LSC thlengin a nghawng ta a ni. VC te ram pek,ram theh leh LSC chungchang pawh thui tak sawi tur a awm anga. Hre zawkten an la sawi, zir zel turah ngai ila. Administrative system inthlakin kan hnam a nghawng dan hi thui tak sawi leh zir tur a awm ang. Kan research scholar te pawhin an la khawih tam lutuk loh (virgin areas) deuhte pawh a nih hmel ka ti. An lo zir fe tawh mai thei bawk a, ka hriat a tlem thin em mai!

Land Ceiling Act an siam a. Mi pakhatin dan phal baka a neih theih chin aia tam a lo neih chuan an chhuh sak zel a. Hmasanga an thlahtute ta an rochun pawh an ta a ni zui thei lo. An ram tura phal zat chin aia tam chu a nei thiang lo a ni.

Hemi chungchanga Maharashtra leh Gujarat in an kalpui dan hi ngaihnawm tak a awm a. Sawi thui lo mai ila. An dan (Act) hnuaia Tribunal thutlukna chu Judicial court-ah khin theih a ni lo.

“Ka zinkawng” tih buah khan Ch. Saprawnga khan, Bawrhsap McDonald-a hoa District Conference an neih chungchang kha a ziak a. 1946 khan District Conference an nei a. Chutah chuan, kalkhawmte chu Bawrhsap khan, zawhna pakhat a zawt a. “Mizoram leilung hi tu ta nge?” tiin a zawt a. Chhan dan an hre mai lo a. “Lal ta” emaw, “Sawrkar ta” emaw tia chhang an awm a. Bawrhsap chuan, “A chhunga chengte ta a ni” tiin a chhang zui a.

Mizoram chhunga cheng ni mah ila, “Kan ta” tih tur neilo kan tam ta hle mai. Ram han lei ve duh pawh ni ila, Kan ram enkawl danin a zir lo a. Mi naran tan ram pawh lei mai mai theih a ni lo. A to lutuk!

In khaw thenawm ram awl emaw intih te kha han zawt chiang teh u, Mi hausa tute ta emaw a lo ni fur tawh ang.

Land Reform kan mamawh tak zet, kan harh a hun a ni.

Hei hi ka thunawn a ni fo ang,

Ram zau lutuk leh hausakna ropui lutuk hi mi pakhat kutah a awm hi a tha ngailo a ni.

Land Reform tulna leh kan mamawhna hi kan hrethiam phalo nge, tuna kan kal dan diklo tak ang hian vanneih thut kan inbeisei zawk ni ang aw, ka ti thin!

National Treasure film tawpah khan, FBI Agent Sadusky-a khan, “The Templars and the Freemasons believed that the treasure was too great for any one man to have, not even a king. That’s why they went to such lengths to keep it hidden” tih kha a sawi a. Ka ngaihtuah nawn fo thin. Mi pakhat tan ram zau lutuk neih te hi a tha lo a. Sawrkar tan pawh a him lo a. Tu emaw hausa fal lutuk awmte thleng hian a him lo thei.

KA SIKUL NAUPANG HRIAT VE TE

Taiwan ramah kan zin a. Ni e, kan zin ve miau. Sawi tur tam tak ka nei. An ram thingthlang khaw pakhat, Smangus khuaa sikul naupangte chauh kha ka han sawi teh ang.

Chumi hmain, Smangus khaw chungchang tawite. Tayal hnamte khawsakna hmun a ni a. In 35 chauh an ni a, mihring 100 chuang awrh an ni. 1924 vel atangin an khua hi a awm tawh a. Pa leh thei rahte an zuar a. 1995 atangin Motor a lut a. Pawnlamah eizawnna an zawng lo thei lo a. An thalaite an vak chhuak a. An hnam zia an hloh zel a. An lal chuan ngaihtuahna pakhat a nei a, an hnam ze humhimna leh an khaw tan, an khua chu Eco Tourism lam a kalpui ta a. Tunah chuan kum khatah an khuain Us Dollar nuai 7-an la lut pha tawh.

An khuaah hian naupang an awm ve nial a. An khaw thenawmah sikul an kal thin a. Nikhat kal a ni. Chumi avang chuan, an sikul chu thawhlehniah an tan thin. Kein an kal mai thin a. Inrinni-ah an khuah an haw leh thin a. Inrinni tlaiahte a lian deuh tawh chuan, restaurant-ah hna thawkin an sikul senso te an intuak bawk thin a ni.
Inrinni tlaiah an khaw restaurant pakhatah pawh, naupang kum 8 mi bawr vel awm hi thleng seng leh khualzinte ei tur dawhkana va chhawpin an tei ve reng a. Engnge a chhan kan han zawh chuan, “ An sikul zirna senso tur an phak ang tawkin an intuak ve a nih hi,” an ti.

An khuaa mi kum 18 tling tawh chin chuan, hna an thawk vek a. An thawhtur an insem vek a. Tumah an awl lo. An sum lakluhte hi zat leh zatin an insem vek. An khaw lal pawh a awl bik lo a, hna thawkin a hah ve em em reng a ni. An khaw lal hian, Taiwan sawrkarin Dollar maktaduai 50 pek a tum chu a hnawl thak ngam a ni. “Min ti chhe mai mai ang” a ti.

Tlangchhipa restaurant-ah zanriah kan kil a. Naupang pakhatin, Chinese tawngin mi lo bia a. Chinese tawng ka thiam lo e, English-in min be ta che ka tih chuan, “E! Chinese I thiam turah ka lo ngai a” a ti vei thlap a. “Khawi atanga lo kal nge I nih?” tiin min zawt zui a. “India atanga lo kal ka ni e” ka ti a. A nui hak hak a. “India atanga lokal I ni tih ka hre lo a lawm. Helai mi tho ni turah ka lo ngai che a” a ti vei reuh a. Min betu pa chu, a sikul senso tuaka inhlawh zinga mi a ni.

Keini chuan, kan fate, kan zirlai te hi engkim kan tihsak a. An thawh hma kan phal meuh lo han ti ila, kan peih loh vang a ni zawk ang. Kut Hnathawh hlutna te, mahni thawhchhuah ngei hlutna leh hlimawmna te zirtir leh zirchhuak loin kan kaihhruai a, Keini hian thil tam tak chan ta ni berin ka hria.

Engkimah hliahkhuh kan tum zawk a. Tulloah kan buai nileng a. kan fapa te aw te hi a no zo vek ta niin ka hre mai. Kan fate hian, an kum mil tawk khawvel hmachhawn sela. Khawvelah hian kan tlu thin a, kan khupte kan ti pilh a, kan hnarte a thi a, kan ban ruh te a pelh thin. Mahse, kan tho leh a, kan khup pilh a dam a, kan hnar thi a reh a, kan ban ruh pelh te pawh a dam leh mai a ni tih an zirte hi a ngai a.

Engkim tihsak thana seilian an nih chuan, khawvel hian engkim an tihsak tur emaw an ti a. Engtikah emaw anmahnia khawvel an hmachhawn hun a lo thleng lo thei lo a. Chungah chuan, an buai thin. An phun a, an rilru a na a. An hrehawm thin.

Ka sikul naupang hriat vete erawh kha chu, kein an sikul pan turin nilengin an kal a. Kartawp hunawlah pawh an sikul zirna senso tur an phak ang tawkin an tuak ve thin. An nu leh pate khan an senso tur kha an nei lo a ni lo a, an pe phal lo a ni hek lo.

KRISTIAN LEHKHABU ROPUI MERE CHRISTIANITY THLIRNA

Kristian Sakhaw kaihhnawih lehkhabu ropui sawi ni khua chuan, CS Lewis-a lehkhabu ropui bera chhal ngam, Mere Christianity tih hi kan sawi hmaih thiang lo. Mere Christianity, tih buah hian a tawi zawnga kan sawi chuan, C. S. Lewis a hian, Kristianna rintlak zia a chai ber a, kristian sakhaw sawiseltute hnialna thu a ziak a, Kristian nun chu engang chiah nge a nih ang tih chu chipchiar takin a chai a ni.

A BU ZIAKTU CHANCHIN: Mere Christianity ziaktu Kristian chhungkua a seilian a ni na a, kum 15 a nih chuan Pathian awm ring lotu a ni t a der mai a. Amah hian, “Pathian chungah chuan a awm loh avangin ka thinrim em em a ni” a ti.

Hetia a tleirawl chhuaha Kristianna a kal san a, Pathian awm te an rin loh chhohna chhan chu, kristianna leh kohhran rawngbawlna chu ‘ Ninawm leh inphutna nasa,’ anga a ngaih vang a ni a. Dawi leh thil dang neuh neuh te a tuipui chho ta a. Mahse, zawi zawiin a inhmu chhuak a, Pathian thu niloin ama ngaihtuahna leh duhthusam a lo zui nasa lutuk a, mi dangte a lo teh nasa lutuk te chu ainhre chhuak chho ta zel a. Pathian a hmuh lehna kawngah hian George Mac Donald-a lehkhabu, ‘Heaven’ tih chuan a pui nasa hle. Kristiannaah hian a kir leh mai duh bik lo. Hnar luih tlat dan a zawng char char a. Mahse, Pathian hmangaihna ata chu a bibo hlen bik thei ta lo a ni.

Kristianna leh sakhaw dang hi nasa takin a khaikhin a. Nunna Thuchah kengtu sakhua chu kristianna chauh hi a ni tih a hmu chhuak a. Lalpa hnenah a kir leh ta a ni. Lalpa lama a kir lehna tur hian a thiante an tangkai em em a ni. 1931-ah chuan Lalpa lamah a kir leh ta a ni. Hetah hian a thianpa J.R.R. Tolkien-a a tangkai hle. (The Lord of the Rings ziaktu). A pianthar dan chanchin hi Surprised by joy tih buah a ziak.

CS Lewis hi a hming pum chu Clive Staples Lewis a ni a. 29 November 1898 -ah piang a. 22 November 1963 a thlir thin ramah chuan a kal ve ta a ni.A thiante chuan “Jack”, tiin an ko thung a. Ren tin daih an tih ang chi hi a ni a, thiam loh pawh a nei mang lo e an ti hial thin.
Tlangval senior tak a nih hnuah nupui a nei chauh a. A nupui nena an inhmangaihna hi khawvela hmangaihna chanchin ropui berte zingah an chhiar tel fo thin. Nuthlawi pakhat thu pawh ziak ve thin Joy Gresham-i chuan CS Lewis hi a ngaisang em em a. Joy-i hi american a ni a. Fa pahnih nei a ni. A pasal chu zu ruih hmang leh amah tiduhdah deuh mai a nih avangin a achhuah san a. Lewis nen hian lehkha an inthawn tawn thin.

Joy Gresham-te England-a an han zinin a takin an inhmu a. An inkawm ngeih em em a. Atir takah chuan inhmangaih taka in ngaizawng, in hmel duh pawh an ni lo a, Joy hi nu fing leh in chhiar zau tak mai a ni a, amah a chu nupui a neih a duh vang hrim hrim niloin Joy-i chu kawm zui zel a duh avangin England-ah cham zui zelse a duh a, nupuiah sawrkar dan (Civil contract marriage)-in a nei ta a.

Lewis-a unaupa Warnie chuan ti hian a ziak a: ” Jack tan chuan a tir chuan Joy-i a ngainatna chu a fin em vang chauh a ni. Joy chu a hmeichhe tawnte zingah chuan ama thluak ang han tluk pha ve, ngaihtuahna zau kawngah te, hriat ril kawngah te, fiamthu duhkawngah te a ma kawmpha awm chhun a ni” (Haven 2006). Amaherawh chu, reilote hnu chuan Joy-i malpui-ah chuan na a lo awm a.Terminal bone cancer a lo ni a, Chu chuan an inzawmna chu a ti danglam ta a, an thinlung a lo inpawh a, kristian dan pangaia innei theiah an lo in ngaita hial a. Nuthlawi a nih avang chuan England kohhran te hian hetiang inneihna hi an hrethiam lutuk lo a, Mahse, an thian tha the Rev. Peter Bide, chuan Hopital-a Joy-i mutna khumah March 1957 Lewis leh Joy- te chu a inneih tirta a ni.

Continue reading KRISTIAN LEHKHABU ROPUI MERE CHRISTIANITY THLIRNA

AUGUSTINE-A LEHKHABU ROPUI ‘CITY OF GOD’ THLIRNA

Kristian Sakhaw kaihhnawih lehkhabu ropui, Khawthlang Philosophy tam tak hring chhuaktu ni bawk, Augustine-a lhekhabu ropui ‘City of God against the Pagan’ tih bu thlirna tawite hi han ziak lawk teh ang.

A BU ZIAHCHHAN: Augustine-a Lehkhabu hming hi, ‘The City of God against the Pagan’ tih a ni a. Kum zabi pangana AD lai vela a ziah a ni. Kristianna avangin rome ram a tluchhia a ni, tia puhna a chhanletna a ni ber.

A BU CHHUNG THU TLANGPUI:
He lehkhabu hi Hlawm hnihah lian deuhin a then theih a. Chu chu hlawmte zawk 22-ah thendarh leh a ni. Khawvel sakhua leh an philosophy zirchianna leh sawisawpna te, Pathian Khawpui (Kristianna/Kohhran) leh Khawvel Khawpui (Kristiante nihna letling chaih ho) te inlaichinna chungchang te chai a ni bawk.

Visigoth hoin AD 410 khan, Rome khawpui an suasam chiam mai a. Chuta an tawrhna avang chuan, rom mi tam tak kha rilru na em emin an awm a. Roman sakhaua kalsan a, Krostianna an vawna avanga hremna niin mi tam tak chuan an ngai hial a ni. Heng ngaihdan chhanletna atan leh a hunlaia Kristiante thalmuantu atan. Augustine-a khan, “City of God” lehkhabu ropui tak mai kha a ziak ta a ni. Sakhaw dang aia Kristian sakhaw dik zawk zia sawi chhoin, Philosphy dangte aiin Kristian philosophy chu a chungnung zawk a. Kristianna chu, Rome khaw tawrhna chhan a ni lo a, a hlawhtlinna a ni zawk tihte a sawi bawk.Kristiante chu hnemin, Khawvel Lalte rorelna dinhmun chu engpawh nise, a tawpkhawkah chuan Pathian Khawpui (City of God) chu a dingchang zawk dawn a ni.

Augustine-a chuan vanlam a thlir tlat a. Kristianna chu, Rome ram-in official a sakhua atana a neih ni mah sela, khawvel pawlitik thil niloin, Pathian thu chauh an ngaihtuah zawk tur a ni a, ama thuchah ngei pawh chu thlarau lam thuchah liau liau a ni a ti a ni.

He lehkhabu hian, mihringte chanchin chu, Khawvel Khawpui leh pathian Khawpui indona/inbeihna a ni a ti a. A tawpkhawkah chuan, Pathian khawpui chuan chakna a chang dawn tho tho a ni a ti. Pathian Khawpui a tih chu, Pathian thutak pawh tura inpe pumhlum, kristiante an ni a, Khawvel khawpui a tih chu, he khawvel, reilotea ral mai tur thlahle zawktute awmna chu an ni.

Augustine-a chuan Pathian ram/Khawpui chu leia intan, famkim lo ni mah se Kohhran chu Pathian ram ze nei, vâna la famkim turah a ngai.kohhran hi kristiante awmkhawmna a nih avangin a lehkhabu, City of God a tih pawh hi Kohhran tia sawi theih a ni.

Augustine-a chuan, khawvel history hi Pathian leh Setana inbeihna a khat a ni a ti a. He khawvelah ngei hian, kristian ram leh Kristian ram lote ngei pawh hi an inep reng a. An inepin an indo zel dawn a ni, tiin a sawi.

Khawvelah hian, lei sawrkar danah leh thalaru thilah pawh Kristiante leh Khawvel hi kan indoin kan in ngur reng a. A tawpa hnehna chang tur chu, Kristiante kan ni tih hi Augustine-an ‘City of God’ tiha a thu khel laipui ber chu a ni.

He lehkhabu hian khawthlang philosophy pawimawh tak tak bul atan a ni deuh ber a. Heng mi dikte tawrhna tihte, Sual lo awm dan te, Duhthlanna leh Pathian thitihtheihna chungchangte, Sual bul chungchangte ang te hi.

A BU ZIAKTU CHANCHIN: Augustine-a hi Kohhran pate zinga mi a ni a. Africa ramah November ni 13, 354 khan a lo piang a. A pa hi a thih dawn chauha Kristiana inpe a ni a, a nu Monica-I erawh chu Kristian nu tha leh a fate tana tawngtai bangle a ni. A han lian chho a, khawvel nawmna umin a tlan a, hetih lai hian a nuin atana tawngtai a bang ngai lo. AD 386 August thla khan, Pathian lamah inhmu chhuakin, nun thar a lo nei ta a ni.

Pathian hnena a han kir leh chuan, a nu hnenah a kal vat a. a nu chu a lo lawm em em mai a. Kum 20 chhunga bang loa a tawngtaina chu chhanin a lo awm ta a ni. Bishop-ah te tang chhoin, Kum 430 khan a thi a. Rawng a bawl hun chhungin, Kristian Sakhaw humhimna leh chhanna (apologetics) lam lehkhabu tam tak a ziak. Kan lehkhabu sawitak pawh hi Kristian apologetics chhunga mi a ni.

Augustine-a Inpuanna tihbu kha Mizo Tawngin kan nei tawh a. Ka Pa Pro Pastor thin, Rev. Dr. Vanlalthlana’n, Dth a hmuhna kha Augustine-a Theology-ah hian a ni bawk.

MIZOTE TANA ZIRLAI

A hunlaiin Kristian sakhuain nasa gakin beih a tawk a. Augustine-a chuan a ringtu puite thlamuanna tur leh Kristian sakhaw humhimna atan a finna hmang tangkaiin lehkhabu ropui tak a ziak a. Mizo mifingte chu hnamin hun harsa a tawhlaiin an ngawi leh tlat thin. Kohhranin beih a tawh laiin an ngawi fo.

Dan Brown a novel ‘Inferno’ tirah chuan “The darkest places in hell are reserved for those who maintain their neutrality in times of moral crisis,” tih a awm a. “Hremhmuna hum hrehawm lai ber hi ngaihdan insual awm hunlaia tanna lam bik neilotevtana zuah a ni,” tihna a ni ber mai ang chu. Chu chu Florence khaw pa, Middle age hunlaia Italian poet ropui Dante Alighieri a epic poem ropui, Divine Comedy, Canto 3 Line 9 a mi a ni. President Kennedy pawh khan a sawi ngun hle. Mahse, a sawi sual ta thin a. The Hottest place tiin a sawi leh tlat thin.

Kan ram/kan hnam hian moral crisis a tawk a. Inpuhna tam tak karah kan then mai mai a, Mipui te kaihhruai thei tu tur kan mifingte an ngawi tlat si. Dante-an, ” The darkest places in hell are reserved for those who maintain their neutrality in times of moral crisis” a tih hi, tuna kan intellectual te tana a sawi hi ni hialin ka hria. Dante a hremhmuna a hrehawm lai ber chu a chhawng kuana a ni a, chu chu, “darkest place a ni”.

Ridley scott-a direct, Russel Crowe channa, Robin Hood film-ah khan, Kng Johna hnuaiah, France ram tana a ruka beitu pasaltha pakhat chuan, England ram a chawk buai vak a, baron te leh King John ate inkarah khi a siam a nih kha…Khami lai taka King Phillip-an England beih a tum a nih kha..Mahse, an milian te an tang ruala Robin Hood-a hoin, an lo bei let a, King Phillip-a pawhin, “This does not look like a country at war with itself” a ti a, France ramah a kir leh ta zawk a nih kha..An history a kan hmuh angin, Magna Carta pawh kha an sign tir ta nghe nghe a nih kha, King john kha.

Chutiang chuan, intellectual te hi an tan rual chuan he ram hi an beng harh thei a ni….Chutah chuan, kan insingsa thei chauh ang…Mipuite hi hrilh leh hruai ngai kan ni a. Hruaitu tha nei tlak tura siam theitu chu intellectual te an ni.

Kohhran tan chang nilo, kan ram leh hnam leh khawtlang tan kan finna hman a tul fo.

CALVIN-A LEHKHABU ROPUI, ‘THE INSTITUTE OF CHRISTIAN RELIGION’ THLIRNA

Kohhran Siamthatna kawnga thawhhlawk tawp thang, Kristian khawvela a hming hriat loh thianglo John Calvin-a khan, Lehkhabu ropui tak mai, “The Institute of Christian religion” tih a ziak a. A saptawng bu hi 2013 ni ta-in ka hria, OM Bookstore atangin ka lei.

He lehkhabu ropui hi tawitein I han thlir teh ang:
He lehkhabu 1536 khan Latin tawnga tih chhuah a ni a, 1541 khan French tawnga tih chhuah a ni.Hei hian, a hunlaia French literature khawvela an thuziah dan thuk takin a nghawng a ni. Tawng dang tam tak a lehlin a ni tawh a, Kristian khawvela lehkhabu chul theilo leh nep theilo a ni.

Institute hi bu liah then a ni a. Bung 80 a awm bawk. Siamtu, Tidamtu, Thlarau leh Kohhran tiin a then a. Pathian chungnunna, a khawngaihna leh Phulo misual a chhandamna chungchang a chai a ni ber tiin sawi ila a dik ang.

A BU TUM: Institue bu-a Calvin-a sawi hmasak ber hian, a bu thu hi a khaikhawm mai theih awm e. Mihring finna zawng zawng inthlunkhawmna chu, Pathian hriatna leh keimahni kan inhriatnaah hian a ni, tih hi. Pathian hriatna tak tak chu, Pathian thu chhiar leh zir atang chauhin kan nei thei a ni, tiin a sawi bawk.

THUPUI DANGTE: Pathian lehkhabu a thlir dan chu a chungah kan sawi tawh a. Pathian rorelna chungchang leh a kaihhruaina a sawi bawk a, Pathian chuan khawvel hi a enkawl a, kiltin a en vek a; Pathian hriatpui lohin engmah a thleng lo. Mihringte hian Pathian hnathawh dan hi kan hre fiah famkim tak tak ngai dawn lo. Mihring hian tha lam kawng a zawh emaw, sual lam kawng a zawh emaw, a tawpah chuan Pathian rorelna fing tak maiah chuan an lut tho tho dawn a ni a ti.

Adama avangin sual a lo awm a, sualin mihringte a bawhbet ta tlat a, chhandam ngai kan lo ni ta a, Lal Isua atang chauhin chhandamna hi kan nei thei a ni. Total DePravity-ah kan sawi zui ang.

Tlanna chungchang chu chipchiar zawkin Limted Atonement-ah kan sawi zui ang. Pre-destination pawh TULIP ah tawitein kan sawi zui ang.
Calvin-a hian Kohhran leh a rawngbawlna leh a thuneihna leh sakramen chungchang a chai bawk. Chip chiarin sawi lo ila, a hrilhfiahna leh thil dang chu, sakramen pahnih, Baptisma leh Lalpa zanriah a pawm tih sawi hram ila a tha awm e.

TULIP: Calvin-a zirtirna hi TULIP ti a khaikhawm thin a ni a, tawite tein kim chang lo takin lo sawi chhawng ila. Synod of Dort-in TULIP (Five points of Calvinism) hi a duan chhuah a ni a. Calvin-a zirtirna zawng zawng a ni lo a, a zirtirna tlangpui a ni, TULIP hian a ken.

TOTAL DEPRAVITY: Total Depravity hi chhe vek tawh, sual let der tihna ang deuh a ni. Calvin-a chuan a lehkhabu Insitute of Christian Religion chu “Pathianin a tira mihringa tha a dah/pêk chu sual avang chuan a chhia (corrupted) a, Amahin a thilpek (supernatural gift) pawh mihring atang chuan hlih fai leng (stripped) a ni” toon. “Supernatural gift hi rinna, felna, Pathian hmangaihna, thianghlim duhna te a ni a, hengte hi mihring chhungrilah hmuh tur a awm tawh lo a, a kuangbâng erawh tlêm a zawng a la awm hram a ni” tiin a sawi bawk. Finna leh thuthlukna siam kawngah pawh theihna tlem a la nei a, chungte pawh chu a chaklo em em mai a, thimah chiah a ni bawk. Mihring hriatthiamna te chu a chhe vek lo deuh a, tih chak loha a awm a, a then chu tihchhiat vek a ni, tiin Calvin-a hian a sawi bawk.A sawi zel dan chuan, Mihring duhthlan theihna chu tisa châknain a thunun a, mihringin a tha tihzawng tipuitling thei turin a chak tâwk tawh lo a ni, a ti bawk.

Bu  2-na, Bung 2-na, Then 6-naah chuan khawngaihnain mihring a pui a nih loh chuan chhia leh tha hriatna ringawt atangin mihringin thil tha a ti thei lo a ni, a ti a, thlante chuan khawngaihna bik (special grace) avangin siamtharna (regenaration) kaltlangin an ti thei a ni, a ti.

Continue reading CALVIN-A LEHKHABU ROPUI, ‘THE INSTITUTE OF CHRISTIAN RELIGION’ THLIRNA

DOCTRINES THAT DIVIDES

Erwin Lutzer-a’n lehkhabu ngaihnawm tak mai, ‘Doctrines that Divides’ tih hi a ziak a. Mite thenhrangtu thuhrin tihna a ni mai. A bu kawm hnungah chuan, he thu hi an ziak a

“Thurin hi kristian nuna pawimawh tak mai a ni a, Chutiang a nih lai chuan, thurin thenkhat chuan kum za tam kohhran a lo thenhrang tawh a ni. Tunlai hian mi tam tak chuan, Pathian thu pawmdana danglamna chi hrang hrang awm chu hmuhkanin, inunauna an tlangau pui a. Lutzer-a chuan, chung ngaihdan inkawkalh leh inkawlkalh tak tak te chu thlirnawnin, engvanga chutiang ngaidah inang lo chu lo awm nge a nih a, engnge a awm a tulna chhante chu a rawn sawi chhuak a ni” tih hi.

Kristianna Chanchin kan thlir kir chuan, Isua thih hnu reiloteah khan, Zirtirna chi dangin kohhran hmasa kha a tibuai nghal a. Chanchintha Bute ziaka an dahna chhan pawh kha, chu chu a ni ve pakhat. Isua mihrinna paihthla thakte, Isua Pathianna paihthla thakte leh ngaihdan hrang hrang a tam khawp a. Zirtirte an han thi zo a, a hnu lawkah Isua-a inchhal ta maite an lo pung a. Mizoramah pawh Isua-a inchhalta maite thlengin kan nei ve a nih hi. Hun inher ang zelin zirtirna hrang hrang a lo chhuak a. A then chu a reh leh mai a, a reh leh lem lo, a elpui zirtirna nena kalthiangta reng pawh a awm bawk. Chumi avang leh thil dang avangin kohhran hrang hrang a lo chhuak thin bawk.

Chung Kristian thurin langsar zual leh inhnialna langsar zualte chu, Lutzer-a chhuikirin, he lehkhabuah hian a chai ta a ni.
He lehkhabu-ah hian Bung 13 a awm a, chungte chu
1. Isua kha Pathian a ni tak tak em?
2. Isua kha mihring a ni tak tak em?
3. Mari Kha Pathian Nu a ni em?
4. Peter-a kha pope hmasa ber a ni em?
5. Thiamchantirna: Rinna hmangin, sakramen hmangin, a pahnihin?
6. Engvanginnge Lalpa Zanriah chungchangah kan inlungrual theih loh?
7. Engvanginnge Baptisma chungchangah kan inlungrual theih loh?
8. Bible-ah hian lehkhabu engzat nge awm?
9. Ruatlawk nge Zalenna duhthlan: Augustine vrs Pelagius
10. Ruatlawk nge Zalenna duhthlan: Luther vrs Erasmus
11. Ruatlawk nge Zalenna duhthlan: Calvin vrs Arminius
12. Ruatlawk nge Zalenna duhthlan: Whitefield vrs Wesley
13. Chhandamna bo thei nge bo thei lo?
A bung maltete han en pawhin, a thuchai pawimawh zia leh puithu tur zia chu a hriatthiam theih awm e. Vawiin thlenga ringtu kohhran hrang hrangte kan la inhnial luih luihna a ni hlawm.

Continue reading DOCTRINES THAT DIVIDES

THU HNUHNUNG

Mi tam tak chuan an thih dawnin thu hnuhnung an nei fo hin. Khawvel mi lar leh ropui thenkhatte thih dawn an thu hnuhnung hi lo thlir ho dawn ila. An thusawi thenkhat hi chu a thlamuan thlak duh khawp ang. Kan theihnghilh loh tur erawh chu, an thih dawna thu an sawi kha a thlamuanthlak em avangin Vanram an kai tura dah ngawt chi a ni lo va, eng teh ual an sawi loh avangin an kai lo tura dah ngawt chi a ni lem bawk lo.

Pathian awm ring lo thuziak thiam George Bernard Shaw-a kha mahni intihlum a ni a, a thih hmain kawngkaah he thu hi a lo tar, “Tukin zing lam dar 2 khan thu leh hla hmanga khawvel awi thintu George Bernard Shaw chu thlamuang takin a chawl ta” tih hi ! An ti!

English poet ropui Lord Byron-a chuan, “Tunah chuan ka muhil ve tak tak tawh ang” a ti a. Karl Marx ve thung chuan, ”Thurochhiah tih ang rengte chu an dam laia an tih tur ti zo ve hman lo mi a te sawi tawk a ni,” a ti thung a. Historian leh Essayist hmingthang Sir Thomas Carlyle chuan “Hei hi maw thihna chu, a tha e..” a ti.

British Playwright Noel Coward chuan, “Duhtakte u, Mangtha ule, naktukah kan inhmu leh dawn nia” a tih laiin Voltaire chuan, “Thlamuang takin min thih ir hram teh u,” a ti thung. American essayist Henry Thoreau khan, “He khawvel hi inchhirna pakhat mah nei lovin ka chhuahsan a ni” a ti.

Lord Buddha khan, “Engkim hi an la tawp vek ang” tiin a thi a. Roman Emperor Vespasean a chuan, “Pathian ka ni tawhin ka hre hial” a ti thung. Roman Emperor vek Caligula kha chuan, “Ka la nung reng a ni” tiin a thi a.

France lal Charlemagne-te, Lady Jane Grey-te, Catherine af Aragon-te chuan, “Lalpa, I kutah ka thlarau ka kawl tir e” an tih theuh laiin Alice in Wonderland ziaktu Lewis Carroll chuan, “Heng lukhamte hi chu la bo tawh rawh u, ka mamawh tawh lo ve” a ti thung.

Italy ram hruaitu Machiavelli chuan, “Ka ram leh hnam hi ka thlarau ai pawhin ka hmangaih zawk a ni” tiin a thi a, Edison-a chuan, “Khi lam chu mawi ropui tak a ni” a ti.

Nancy Astor chuan, “Ka thi a? ka birthday zawk niin ka hria” a ti a, Darwin-a chuan, “Thih hi ka hlau lem lo e” a ti a. Queen Victoria chuan, “Thlamuanna lo thleng tur chu” a tih laiin President Roosevelt chuan, “Ka lu a na kher mai” a ti.

King George V chuan, “Ka lalram chu a dinhmun a tha maw?” tiin a la zawt talh talh a. Music phuah thiam Franz Schubert kha chuan, “Hei hi ka tawpna a ni” a ti a. Novelist Sir Walter Scott chuan “Pathianin malsawm che u rawh se, ngai ka awh leh tan ta” tiin a thi.

Pathian mite thusawi hnuhnung hi a ropui hlawm a sin:

Martin Luther – Ka Pathian hi pathiante Pathian a ni a, Amahah chuan he thihna hi ka bihruk san dawn a ni.

John Knox – Ka nunna, Kristaa ka nunna chu, he thihna tih baiawm tak mai hian a ngam loh avangin hlauh reng reng ka nei lo ve.

John Calvin – Lalpa, thihnain ka nunna chim mahsela, I kuta ka awm ni atang khan ka lung a awi tawk tak zet a ni.

Charles Wesley – Lalpa, nangmah anna famkim neia ka nung ve dawn ta hi ka lung a va awi em! Lungawina, lungawina chu a lo thleng ta e.

Richard Baxter- Natna zawng ka nei na meuh mai, nimahsela, ka nunna a khawih buai lo, muanna, muanna chu a kim ta.

Dr. Preston – Ka thi dawn lo va, Pathianin ka awmna hmun a thlak thung mai dawn a ni zawk e. Chumi hmun pan chuan Pathian nen kan kal dawn a, a hnenah thlamuangin ka chawl hlen tawh ang.

Samuel Rutherford – Ka thinlung hi hlimnain a luangliam a, Van lam manna a chawm a ni si a. Ka kut hi amah pawm turin ka phar a, Anin min lo lawm ang.

I thih dawnin eng thu nge i sawi ve tak ang le? Dwight Lyman Moody-a thu hnuhnung ber chu, “Lei hi a tawlh hla tial tial a, Van a rawn hnai zual telh telh a. Hei hi maw thihna chu, lallukhum ka khum ni a ni,” tiin.

Ni e, ringtute chu leiah thil ropui ti turin kan lo piang a. Thihnate hi kan tan chuan malsawmna a ni zawk a, chatuan chawlhna hmun hlun zawk a kan luhna, ropuina ropui zawkah lallukhum kan khum ni a ni.

And quiet flows the don (Don luiluang damdiai)

And Quiet Flows the Don emaw Quietly Flows the Don (1934) hi ‘Don epic ropui’ an tih thin zinga then hmasa ber a ni a, Mikhail Sholokhov a ziah a ni. Kum 1928 leh 1940 inkar khan chanchinbu-ah a indawta tih chhuah a ni a. Saptawnga he thawnthu lehlin chanve chu tuna a bu hming pu hian 1934 khan tih chhuah a ni.

Thawnthu Tlangpui:He thawnthu hian kum zabi 20 na tir lam, kum 1912 bawr vel, indopui pakhatna chhuah hma hreta , don luipui phai ruama khawsa thin Cossacks hnam ho chanchin a tarlang ber a. A thawnthu ruhrel hi Tatarsk-a Melekhov chhungkaw chanchinah a inthlungkhawm ber a, Anni chhunga hi an thlahtute cossack-te’n mi tam tak mak tih khawpin crimean war hunlaia Turks” tih hminglem an vuah sak nghe nghe. Hetiang a ni chung hian Tatarsk mipuite zingah chuan mi zah an kai hle thung. An fapa upa ber dawttu, Grigori Panteleevich Melekhov, chu sipia tha zet mai hi a ni a, an chhungkaw thian Tepan Astakov-a nupui Aksinia chu a ngai zawng ta tlat mai a. Anni nupa chu an inhmangaih miah lo a, stepan chuan a sawisa fo thin a. Grigori leh Aksinia te chu an ingai zawng satliah mai a ni ta lo a, an tlan dun ta nghe nghe a. Chu chuan a pasal leh malekhov chhungkaw inkarah inhuatna thuk tak a thlen tir a.He an inngaihzawnna boruak leh, Khawvel indopui leh tual chhung buaina lo chhuak chhoin Cossacks tlangval tha tha Russia rama indopui rapthlak ber pahniha a hnuhluh chhoh dan te chua thawnthu innghahna a ni. A thawnthu a changtute chettlatna chu Austro-Hungarian front ah a peng chho a, hetah hian Grigory chuan Stepan-a nunna chu a chhanchhuak nghe nghe a; heti chung hian an inhuatna chua reh chuang lo a ni. Grigory chuan a pa nawrna angin nupui atan Natalya a nei a, mahse, Aksinia chu a la hmangaih tlat avangin a hlim chuang lo a ni.

Grigory Melekhov hi Veshenskaya-a cossacks pa pahnih, Pavel Nazarovich Kudinov leh Kharlampii Vasilyevich Yermakov te, Upper don a Bolshevist laka helnaa mi pawimawh tak tak te nun behchhanin solokhov hiana din a ni.

He novel hian 1941 khan Stalin Prize a dawng a, a ziaktupa hian 1965 khan Nobel Prize a dawng nghe nghe. He novel hi tum thum zet filma siam a ni tawh nghe nghe. A film hmasa ber phei chu 1931 khan tih chhuah a ni daih tawh a ni. Thenkhat erawh chuan, he novel hi Tolstoy-a ‘War and peace’ atana Solokhov-a’n a entawn an ti a.

Mizo tawng pawhin kan nei a, ‘Don Lui luang dam diai’ tia lehlin a ni a, a bu hi hmuh tur a awm tawh lo thung niin a lang.

He thawnthu ziaktupa Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov hi May 11 1905 khan a lo piang a, February 21, 1984 khan a thi. Russian Novelist hmingthang ber te zinga mi a ni a, kum 1965 Nobel Prize in Literature a dawng.Amah hi Cossacks ho chenna hmuna piang leh sei lian a ni a, a thawnthuteah pawh hian cossacks hnam te nunphung leh an chenna ram chanchin chu a tarlang nasa hle nghe nghe a ni.A kut chhuak ropui ber And Quiet Flows the Don, khawvel huapa lar tirtu chu amah ngaina lotuite chuan 1920-a thi ta, cossack mi dik tak, Fyodor Kryukov, Anti-Bolshevik ni bawk ziak a ruk niin an sawi a, hei hi a dik lo a ni tih finfiah a ni leh ta tho.
Don Luipui chu: Solokhov-a thawnthu hmingputu Don hi Russia rama luipui lianberte zinga mi a ni a. Moscow chhim chhak, tula khua atanag chhim chhak lam km 60-a hla Novomoskovsk -ah hnar a nei a, Km 1,950 zeta thui a luan hnuah Azov tupuiah a luang lut ta a ni.

Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov : Russian thawnthu ziaktu ropui Mikhail solokhov-a kha May 11 1905 khan a piang a, February 21, 1984-ah a thi. Kum 1965 Nobel Prize in Literature a dawng a. Cossacks ram chhungah, Rostov-on- Don huam chhuanga piang a ni. Rostov-on-don hi Don luipui kam a khaw lian bera ni. Virgin soil upturned tih kum 28 chhung zeta ziah chuan Lenin Award a hlawhchhuah sak bawk.Cossacks hnam chungchangah thawnthu tam tak a izka, Don luipui behchhan thawnthua nei nual bawk. Russia rama thuziaktu a hrinchhuah ropui berte zinga mi a ni. Politics lamah pawh a inhmang thin hle a, President Kruschev-a zin pawh a zui fo a. Association of Soviet Writers-ah vice president te pawh a lo ni tawh thin. A kutchhuakte hi film-a siam a ni nual hlawm a, hlawhtling tak tak a awm.

Don thawnthu hi ka thawnthu chhiar tawhah chuan ka lung ti leng ber pawl a ni.

KA CM HUNAH CHUAN

High Schoolah te, Hna zawnna leh Essay inziah siak thenkhatah khan, Chief Minister ni ta ila tih thupui hmang khan kan ziak thin a. Chief Minister ni ta ila, tih thupui mil pui tho khan ka CM hunah chuan tiin kan essay ziah thin ang deuh kha ka han ziak leh chhin a nih hi.

1. AGRICULTURE: Leilet zawl kan neih ho- Champhai, Vanlaiphai, Chemphai, Buhchangphai etc. a ram, leileta siam theih ho hi sawrkarin a hnuaiah la vek se (hawhin), hengah te hian Kudam sa vek se, Kum 10 chhung vel tur Project siamin, leileta siam theih tur siam vek se, a neitute pawh an duh phawt chuan ruai nghal se la, a enkawl turin, BSC/MSC (Agri) rual hi contract atan kum 10 chhung vel atan ruai se, mumal taka ruahmanna siamin heng zawl tinah hian Manager, Managemant a master Degree rual la se, agriculture department hi Nodal department angin awm se, direct-a control loin.

Vietnam hian kum khatah buh vawithum an thar tawh a. Keini hi chuan vawi hnih thar tum ila, a kar lakah thlai dang ching ila.

Hei hi Leilet bikah a ni.

Tlangram lo neih pawh mumal zawkin a kalpui theih ang.

2. THINGTLANG TIH HMASAWN:

Khawvel hmanraw changkang, Khawpuia i hman thinte tel loin, leilung hriatna atangin i ‘survive’ ve thei angem?

Anni chuan, thlai chin hun te, a lei a zira chin turte, sik leh sa awm dan atanga chin turte, eng lehkhabu atang maha zir loin an hria a, ramhnuaiah an kal a, an damkhawchhuahna tur an hmu a; thenawm in mamawh tawn an nih avangin, mihring inlaichinna hlutna an hria a, mihring te mihring an la nih zelna hmun chu thingtlang hmunah a ni.

Khawpui hi civilization pholangtu a ni mai thei; Thingtlang hi civilization chelh dingtu a ni.

Thingtlang mi mahni inti hlum ai chuan khawpui mi mahni intihlum an tam fe a; rilru paukhauhna leh tawrhchhelna chu an dam khawchhuahna a nih avangin, an duh angin thil kallo mah se an bei tauh tauh thin.

Deng XiaOping-a han sawi leh ila.

1976 chho atang chuan China ram rorelna chu Deng Xiaopinga kutah hian a lut ta a. Mao Tse Tung-a ‘Cultural Revolution’avangin China ram chu an hnufum phah em em a. Deng-a ngaihdan chuan, ” Generation (chhuan) khat laiin an hnufum phah” a ni.

Economic Reform ropui tak a kalpui a, an kanh dawrh mai.

A economic reform a a angaih pawimawh tak chu Lo neih a ni a. Thingtlang lam enkawlna kawngah Thuneihna a sem zai (decentralized) bawk. A awm zia ber chu, China tih chaknan Thingtlang a ngai pawimawh a ni. Khawpui hi chu a thang tho tho a. Tin, Thingtlang lam thawhchhuah a pun hian indutrial activity a ti pung a, khawpuia ti hmasawn zawk tho tho. Ram hmasawnna a ti khairual.

Kum 6 chhung lek pawhin Deng Xiaopinga hmalakna vang chuan China a kang dawrh mai a ni.

Gen. Park Chung Hee-a hnuaia S. Korea hmasawn chiam na ‘Miracle on the han river’ an tih lo awmna chhan bulpui pakhat chu Saemaul Undong Project a kalpui pawh kha a tawi zawnga sawi chuan Thingtlang tih hmasawnna a ni ber mai.

1961 ah General Park Chung Hee hian sipai chakna hmangin an sawrkar lai chu a paihthla a. 1963 atangin Korea president a ni a. A thih thlengin chu nihna chu a chelh ta a ni.

General Park Chung Hee-an thuneihna a chan tirh lam hian S. Korea chu N. Korea aiin a hnufum daih zawk a. An per capita income pawh US dollar 72 chauh a ni! An ram a rethei a, an dinhmun a hniam em em bawk.

General Park-a hmalakna hmasa chu a project pakhat Saemauol undong tih a ni a. Thing tlang tih changkanna leh tih hmasawnna a ni ber mai. A hna hmasa ber atan chuan korea ram Thingtlang mite ei leh bar zawnna tih changkan leh tih hmasawna, tih ngheh a ni.

Saemaul Undong Project hi chi thumin an then a, Rilru, chetdan leh chhehvel tih hmasawnna tiin. Rilru lam huangah hian thenawmte nena in lai chinna, an hnam nunze vawn thatna te a tel a. Chet dan huangah hian mipui vantlang khawsak dan leh rilru puthmang te, dan zahna te, Khawlaia zu ruih loh tihte a tel a, chhehvel huangah hian faina te, chenna hmun ulukna te a tel a. Hetiang hmanga hma a han lak meuh chuan 1974 chuan Thingtlang mite chuan khawpui mite thawhchhuah an khum ta der mai a ni!

Gandhi-a khan, “India hmalam hun chu thingtlang khuaah te a innghat a ni” tiin a sawi a. Chu chu Urbanist hoin an hnial tak nain, Hmasawnna in buk tawklo avanga India ram harsatna thlen dan en chuan Thil kal fuhlo lian tak a awm tih a chiang reng a.

Mizote pawh hian hmasawn leh dinchhuak tak tak kan duh chuan thingtlang lam ngaihsakna leh hmasawnna inkhuangrual taka thlen tir dan tur kan zawng tur a ni ang.

Ka chief Minister hunah chuan hei hi ka hna hmasa tur a ni ang.

3. ZIRNA SIAM THAT:

Time chanchinbu vela thuziak thin Amanda Ripley hian lehkhabu ngaihnawm zet mai, “The Smartest kids in the world ans how they got that way” tih a ziak a.

PISA test atangin Khawvela zirna system tha chu Finland, Korea, Poland etc a ni a.

Chu chu a hmunah kal chilhin a zir a.

Zirna a sum senso ringawt lam hi a nilo…Zirtirtu, nu leh pa leh zirlai te tan hona leh effort a pawimawh.

Thil ngaihtuah thiamna a pawimawh ber.

Economic hmasawnna leh Zirna (PISA test score,) a kal kawp. Economic hmasawnna hi A work force te inzir belh thiamna, suangtuah thiamna leh insiam rem thiamnaah a innghat. US economy tlakhniam chhan pawh chu chu a ni pakhat

Hnam hmasawnna hi single generation ah a thleng thei (ie, Finland).

Mc Donald CEO sawi dan chuan, American mi, duh ang zat rawih tur an hmu lo. in chhiar peih, problem solved thei, mi dangte hrilhfiah/communicate thiam etc an neilo.

Findlandah chuan naupang an zalen a, thil ngaihtuah thiamna lamah an thang nasa. Korea erawh an ultra competitive a.Sawrkarin study break a siam hial

German ho pawhin an education an chhuang em em a. PISA score ah an che chhe ta sia.

Zahthlak an ti khawp mai. An in thlak danglam phah.

Kan zirna dinhmun siam that angai.

4. HMEICHHIATE DINHMUN THA ZAWK PEK: Mizo hmeichhe fel leh mi thiam tak tak han tling kan ngah mai. Mizo hnam tana an tangkai dan tur angin kan hmang tangkai ang. Politics huang chhungah, a rorel khawlah te, a policy duangtuah leh ngaihtuahna sengtuah kan hmang ang. Chung mite chu Competitive exam kaltlanga lak ang niloin an thiam leh theihna hmuh chian ngei chin an ni ang.

society-ah hian hmeichhe participation a san poh leh hmasawnna a chak zawk a ni.

5. KAWNG THA: Kawng tha hi hmasawnna bulpui a ni. India ram state hmasawn kan tih ho hian kawngpui tha tak tak an nei a. US hian inter-state Highways an nei a. Gen. David Eisenhower-a hunlaia an siam a ni. China ram hmasawnna chak chhan chu. thingtlang khawtin kawngpui thain a pawh avang a ni a. Chutiang bawkin S. Korea pawh a ni tho.

Mizoram chhungah hian National Highway

1. National highway 54- Km 850 a sei
2. National Highway 154- Km 180

hengte hi Mizoram sawrkar enkawl a ni a.

State Highway hi hetiang hi a awm bawk a,

1. Champhai – North Vanlaiphai Road
2. Keiṭum – North Vanlaiphai
3. Lunglei-Thenzawl road
4. Tlabung-Borapansury Road
5. Kawlchaw -Tongkolong Rd.
6. Aizawl-Mamit-Vanghmun-Kumarghat Rd
7. W.Phaileng to Marpara
8. Kawnpui to Hortoki road
9. Saitual-Phullen-Suangpuilawn Road
10. Khawzawl-Sinzawl-Thanlawn Road
11. Kawlkulh-Ngopa-Mimbung Road

State Maintenance Fund atang kawng enkawl awm zat chu :-
(a) Black-topped : 2744kms
(b) Unsurfaced : 1919kms
TOTAL : 4663kms

Khaw 65 emaw hi mumalin motor kawngin a la pawh lo a awm bawk a. Kawng hi a that loh zia kan hre bawk a.

Mizoram kawng tam tak hi a kual zawnga zawn luih emaw tih tur hi a ni bawk a. Kawng hi chhe hman mang loa enkawl theih a ni tih hi ka ngaihdan a ni. Kawng te hi a kual lutuk loin a la siam theih ang tih hi ka pawm.

Khawtin hi kawng hian pawh vek se, kawng hi tha se, tlan zung zung theih nise, Mizoram khua hi nikhata ban hman loh hi a awm mang lo ang. Khaw tam tak nileng kal hi chawhma kalah a chhuak thei ang. Chawhma kalin dar kar 2-3 kalah. Chung chuan hmasawnna a rawn thlen dan tur chu kan ngaihtuah thiam vek awm e.

He’ng kawngte hi a tha thei ang bera enkawl leh hman tlaka awm reng tura siam theih dan tur ruahmanna chu a tul leh kan la sawizawm leh ang chu.

6. ENERGY MAMAWH LEH TUAKNA KAWNG:

Tunah hian peak hour laiin, kan power supply hman hi 110-115 MW a ni a. Serlui leh Mini Hydel Project neuh neuh kan neih nen, Tuirial a hmanchhoh thei tan a, hmun dang atanga a leinana kan sum sen hi tunhma ai chuan tlahniam tawh turah ka ngai a.

24 MW Tuirini hydro-power plant hi ka CM chuan kan khuap puitling thuai ang. Nakina kan power consumption lo sang zel tur hisap leh kan revenue hmuh ve na tur hisapin , Ram tih chhiat belh loh zawngin, hma kan la ang. 210 MW Tuivai hydro power project hi a hma atang ruahmanna lo awm tawh kalpui mek a ni a, hengte hi environmental Impact enin apawilo tur a nih chuan kan khuap anga. State sum bawm kan la tih khah belh thei dawn a ni. Sikkim hian nikhatah 95.70 MW mamawhin, an inchawm zo a, Tripura, hian nikhatah 285 MW, mamawhin an inchawm zo a ni mai lo a, 2016 march thla atang khan Tripura hian Bangladesh hnenah 160 MW lai power hi an halh a, tunah hian 40 MW an hralh belh leh tawh hial mai thei.

Renewable sources of energy dang. Solar, wind te pawh a hmun a zir nasa zawka hman tangkai dan kan zawng zel dawn a ni.

He’ngte pawh hi sawi zau zel dawn chuan, a thui lutuk dawn avangin Energy mamawh tuakna lam pawh hi hemi thleng hian sawi phawt ilangin a tha mai awm e.

(INTODELH)

‘Leng dang mi chu Lal lai par tlanin,
Min ngailote’n hlimin an leng si’

Kum 16 emaw kal ta thil han sawi kir lawk ila. Tun hnaia data ka neih mai loh avangin chu chu ka han sawi dawn a ni. Thil nihna tak a ti chiang tho awm e.

Economics and Statistics Department chhut dan chuan 2002 January-December chhung khan Buhfai, Tel ei chi, Chana, Alu, Chhangphut, Thingpui fe, Purun, Chini, Chi (salt), Artui, Dal, Bawnghnute powder, Sangha hring, Sangha ro, Sangha tin lakluh nan hian Cheng vaibelchhe 36 leh nuaih sawmnga pakua leh sing sarih sang riat (36,59,78,000.00) Mizoramin kan seng a ni. AMFU phei chuan, Cheng vaibelchhe 43 chuangin an chhut. Tun dinhmuna a zat hi ka hre mai lo a. A tam hle dawn a ni tih chu a chiang a. A tlem berah pawh kum khatah Cheng nuaih 6000 hi chu a ni hrim hrim dawn tih a hriat theih.

He’ng kan lakluh tam zawk hi kan rama kan thar chhuah ve theih leh kan thawnchhuah theih reng a ni zawk.

Kan mamawh chu intodelhna nghialnghet a ni. Chutiang chu engtin nge kan neih tak ang? A then a zar han sawi ila:-

1. Kut hnathawktute pual leh an hman tur budget tam tham tak mai dah a, a kal hmang rengah pawh an hlawkpui ngei tura dah.

2. Sawrkarin a rawn awmte rawnin, khawvel ram danga an hlawhtlinpui tawhte zirin kan ram mil thei ang ber turin ruahmanna siam a ni anga. Chu chu sawrkar department mai nilo, Third party (NGO/civil society) te nen tang hoin a hlawhtlin thlenga vil zui a ni ang.

3. Sum leh paite hian kut hnathawktute hnen a thlen ngei theihna turin Transparent delivery system siam a ni ang.

An hnathawh meka an mamawh, khawl emaw, lei tha emaw, thlai chi emaw, thil dang reng reng anmahni nena thawkhoin a tha ber ber lei a ni anga. Thlam emaw, in sak ngawi pawh a chak nena lakkhawm pui vek an ni ang.

4. Kan ram awmna leh inkalpawhna dinhmun enin mizoram ngeia thawnchhuah tlaka siam (finished product) buaipui a ni ang.

5. A dahthatna (cold storage preservation) tha tak siam a ni ang.

6. Market system mumal takin kalpui a ni ang. Hlep tam zawk hi lo neitute kutah a lut ang. Market price control a ni ang. Mizorama kan thlai chin ve ang reng reng chu, hmun dang atanga lakluh (import) pawh control/restrict a ni ang.

7. Leilung hi kan hman tangkai dawn avangin a lo hlu leh zual dawn a. Kan leilung enkawlna dan (land act) hi siam that angai dawn a. Land reform kan kal pui ang.

Mi thenkhat, ram to hun nghak mai mai te chhiah chawi tur kan ti pung anga, a taka hmang tangkaite chhiah chawi tur kan ti hniam ang.

Mi pakhat tan ram zau lutuk neih phal a ni lo anga. Ram lei leh hralh thuah pawh duh duh lei leh duh duh man chhiar a ni lo ang.

8. Sawrkarin helama hma a lakna viltu commission din a ni ang a. Chak taka thuam niin, mi hrem theihna power hial pek a ni anga. Chief Minister hnuaiah direct in a awm ang.

CM ka nihna anga thuneihna ka hmansualna lak ata min vengtu turin Lok Ayukta Act kan siam tha anga. Ka tih dikloh phawt a, chumi chu puhna emaw, vantlang hriata thu a awm phawt chuan, Anmahni thuin min chhui nghal thei bawk ang.

CM atan chuan min thlang duh dawn lo hian ka hre ta lawm mawle!

THLAMUANTU THLARAU THIANGHLIM LEH KRISTIAN HMASATE

Lal Isua khan, a zirtir te hnenah, Khawvel a chhuahsan anga, Thlamuantu tur an lo kal dawn a ni tih kha a hrilh a. Chu chu thlarau thianghlim a sawina a ni. John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7-ah te hian Thlarau Thianghlim chungchang thu chu kan hmu a ni.

Thlamuantu Thlarau Thianghlim tirh a nih tur hi, Joahna 13:3-Johana 16:28 inkar thuah hian kan hmu a. Fapa chu Pa atanga lo kal a , zirtirte hnena a awm ang bawkin, Thlarau thianghlim pawh Pa atanga lo kalin, zirtirte hnenah a awm ve bawk dawn a ni. Thlarau thianghlim Hnathawh chu, chaklote fuih harh a, mamawhtute tanpuia, thlamuantu a ni.

Thlarau thianghlim Nihna hrang hrangte lo sawi hmasa ila:
1. Thlarau thianghlim hi mi nung a ni a. Grik Tawng Thuthlung Thar buahte phei chuan Thlarau Thianghlim sawina atan hian mipa sawina tawngkam hman a ni.
2. Thlarau Thianghlim chu mihring anga mize nei a nih thu Bible hmun tam takah kan hmu. Mihring hnathawh leh thiltih angte ti ve a sawi a ni bawk.
3. Thlarau Thianghlim chu minung a ni satliah mai lo a, Pathian a nih thu Bible-in min hrilh.
4. Thlarau Thianghlim chu Pa leh Fapa ata lo chhuak a ni. Lal Isuan, “Thlamuantu, Thlarau Thianghlim, Pain ka hminga a rawn tirh tur” Johan 14:26 tih emaw, “Pa Hnen ata thlamuantu in hnena ka tirh tur, Paa chhuak Thlarau dik tak chu” Johana 15:26 tihte Bible-ah kan hmu a. Hemi chang behchhan hian, Constantinople Inkhawmpuiin, “Thlarau thianghlim chu Pa ata lo chhuak a ni e”, tiin a rel ta bawk a ni. Hemi hma hian, Khawchhak kohhran phei chuan a lo pawm daih tawh a ni.

THLAMUANTU THLARAU THIANGHLIM HNATHAWH:
1. Sual thu leh fel thuah thiam loh a chantir ang.
Sual thuah thiamloh a chantir ang tih hi mi sual an nih a hriattir anga, an simlohva, an rinloh chuan thiamloh an chang ang tihna a ni.

Thuthlung Hluia hman dan lar takah chuan, ‘Fel’ emaw, ‘felna’ emaw tih chu, Pathian nena inzawmna dik sawina tawngkam a ni. Isua Kraws chu mihringte tana Pathian rorelna hmun a ni a. Mihring-in a thiamloh zia a hriatchianna ber chu Isua kraws-ah a ni. Thiam a chan leh theihna hmun awm chhun a ni bawk. Kraws chu Isuan mi sualte tana felna kawng zawng zawng a hlen chhuahna hmun a ni a, mi sualten Pathian hnen an thlen theihna kawng awmchhun a ni bawk. Chumi hmu thiamte chuan Pathian chhandamna an chang thin a ni. Heng zawng zawng hi Pathian Thlarau Thianghlim hnathawh vek a ni.

2. Rorel thuah thiam loh a chantir ang.Rorelna hnuhnungah chuan Pathian thu awihlote’n thiam loh an chang. Krawsa Pathian hmangaihna lo lang hmu thiam apiang chuan thiam an chang ang. Kraws hmuthiam lo chu tun thlengin thiam loh changin an la awm zel a ni. Kalvari tlanga kraws zara thiam channa hi Thlarau Thianghlim hnathawh zara kan neih a ni.

3. Thu Taka hruailutin Krista a chawimawi ang. Thlarau chu thutak puang chhuaktu a ni a. Thlarau Thianghlim min hruailuhna tur chu Isua Krista-ah a ni. Thlarau eng pawh, eng anga thiltithei leh ropui pawh nise, Isua Krista hnena min hruaithleng lo chu, Thlarau Thianghlim a ni lo. Lal Isuan uar tak maiin, “Thutak zawng zawngah a hruai lut ang che u” a ti a ni.

KOHHRAN TIAK TIRA TANA A HLUTNA
1. Chanchin Tha a darh. Pentikos ni atang khan ringtute nunah Missionary rilru a lo awm a, a lo thianglian zelin kohhran hmasa tinungtu leh ti chaktu pawimawh tak a lo ni ta zel niin a lang. Pentikos nia Thlarau Thianghlim harhna lo thleng kha Jentail-te zingah Juda Kristian ten an kengdarh. Hetianga Thlarau Thianghlim hnathawh jentailte zinga lo thleng ve ta zel an hmuh hian ringtu hmasate chuan missionary rilru an pu nghet sauh sauh a, kar loah Rom lalram pum puiin Chanchin Tha an lo dawng thei ta a ni.

2. Kohhran leh a rawngbawlna a thang. Thlarau Thianghlim hi kohhran leh a rawngbawlna tinungtu leh nasa taka tihmasawntu a nih avangin kohhran tiak tir tan a hlu em em a ni. Pentikos harhna rah kohhranho lo pun zel dan hi ngaihnawm takin Luka chuan Tirhkohte Thiltih buah khan a ziak a ni. Vawiin thlenga kohhran rawngbawlna thuang thum, thuhril, tihdam leh zirtir hna hi Thlarau thianghlim leh Tirhkohte lungphum chunga inrem a ni.

Pentikos niah pawh, mi 120 emaw chauh inpawlkhawm thin kha, a sangtelin an lo pung ta thut mai a. A hnuah pawh vahchap kang ang duai duaiin ram a zau ta zel a nih kha.

3. Pathian thu hriatna leh nghehna. Pathian thu hriatna leh rinna kawnga nghehna leh thanzelna hi Thlarau thianghlim hnathawh a ni. Pentikos harhna chuan ringtu hmasate chu Pathian thu hriat chakin a ti tuihal a, an hriatte puanchhuah chakna a neih tir bawk. Lal Isua thuhril ngaithla thinte khan an hril chhawng ve ta zel a, an thucchah laimu ber pawh Lal Isua leh a chanchin a ni. Tirhkohte chuan fiah leh awihawm taka an sawi zel avangin, Pathian thu an hriatthiam dan pawh a lo thang ve zel bawk a ni.

4. Ringtute a ti huaisenin a ti pumkhat. Lal Isua an man leh Pentikos ni inkarah kha chuan Ringtu hmasate kha hlau reng rengin an khawsa a. Pentikos a lo thlen meuh chuan tih huaisenin an lo awm ta a ni. Kohhran hote pawh ringtute huaina atana tawngtaiin, harsatna leh tihduhdahna hnuaiah pawh huai takin, thihthlengin Pathian tan an rinawm thei ta a ni.

References:
1. Zairema. Chanchintha Johana ziak hrilhfiahna. Aizawl: Synod Bookroom, 1974
2. Tlanghmingthanga, Rev.Dr. Thlarau Thianghlim. Aizawl: Synod Literature and Publication Board, 2015.
3. Vanlalauva,H. “Thlarau thianghlim hi engnge ni?” Didakhe 13/3 (may-June, 1984):2-12
4. Hendrickx, Herman. The Johanine Community. Theology Annual vol. 12 1990-1991 p.167-180