UNION BUDGET 2020-21

UNION BUDGET 2020-21

February Ni 1, 2020 a ni a. Union Finance Minister-in Union Budget a pharh a. Indian Economy chhiat em em lai a ni a. He budget hian engangin nge a nghawng ang tih chu sawi fe tur a awm ang a. Kan sawi thui hmain Middle Class te mil tura budget hi siam a ni tih han sawi ta ila.

Kumin budget kan sawilan hmain Budget kaihhnawiha kan hriattur tul leh a kaihhnawih thil pawimawh han sawi hmasa ta ila.

  1. EXPENDITURES AND RECEIPTS: Budget-ah hian hlawm hnih pawimawh tak a awm a. Chu chu Expenditure leh Receipts a ni. Plan leh Non-Plan Expenditure head a then thin kha, September, 2016 a Cabinet Meeting-in tih tawp a rel a, 2017 Budget atang kha chuan hman zui a ni ta lo a ni. Railway Budget a hranga pharh thin pawh, nikum atang khan tih tawp a ni bawk a, kum 92 zet an lo kalpui tawh chu an ti tawp a ni.

Expenditure hi Capital Expenditure leh Revenue Expenditure-ah then a ni a. Capital Expenditure chu ro tling thil kawng siamna te leh Loan puk rulhna atan te a hman a ni a. Revenue expenditure chu, Inrelbawlna leh Hlawh atana hman a ni thin.

Receipts pawh hi Capital Receipts leh Revenue Receipts-ah tho then a ni thin a. Capital Receipts chuan, ramchhung leh ram pawn atanga pawisa pukte, State sawrkarin an leiba an rulhna te, Sawrkarin Company a enkawl thinna a sumsen a tih tlem/tih bo (disinvestment) te te a huam a. Revenue Receipts chuan, chhiah atanga sum hmuhte, sawrkar enkawl company atanga a sum hmuh te leh Telecom license fee atanga a sum hmuh te (service provider ho atangin percentage bituk awmin chhiah lak a ni thin. Eg:-Airtel atangin an sum hmuh help atangin cheng chute zah chu an pe ang etc)

Heng hi Full Budget-a hmuh tur awm chin a ni a. 2018 Union Budget hi tun NDA sawrkara Full Budget hnuhnung ber a ni ang. Election kumah chuan, Election hmaa hman turin sum ruahmanna an pharh a, Vote on Account a pass a ni thin a. Sum hmuhna telloin a hmanna tur chauh pass a ni thin a ni.

  1. FISCAL DEFICIT TARGET: Budget-ah hian thil pawimawh tak pakhat awm chu Fiscal Deficit target a ni a, Gross Domestic Product atangin za zelah (in percentage)-a chhut a ni thin.

Fiscal Deficit tih awmzia chu, Sawrkar sum hmuh leh hmanna inthlauhna a ni. Hetah hian Puk atanga sum hmuhna an chhiar tello thung.

  1. BUDGET PHARH HUN: 2016 thleng kha chu, Budget an pharh hian, February chawlhkar hnuhnung berah an pharh thin a. 2017 atang chuan, Fenruary thla ni hmasa berah an pharh ta thin a ni.

Tun hma chuan, Tlai dar 5-ah Budget hi an pharh thin a. Yashwant Sinha hunlai atangin chawhma dar 11-ah Budget hi pharh a ni ta thin a ni.

February thla khera Budget an pharhna chhan chu, Sawrkar kum thar April thla atanga harsatna awm miahloa lo in peih hman a nih theihna turin a ni.

  1. BUDGET RUAHMAN A NIH DAN: Budget Ruahmannaah hian a buaipuitu ber chu Finance Ministry an ni a, pa chanchang a an buaipui angai a ni. Sawrkar kumthar a lo thlen hma thla 6 velah, September-October thla velah Administrative Ministry hrang hrang (Home, HRD, Defence etc) hnenah Kum thara an sum hmantur ruahmanna te thehlut turin an ti a. An niin uluk ataka an lo ruahmana an thlir hnuah, Finance Minsitry-ah an theh lut a. An niin uluk takin an lo thlir a, administrative Ministry te nena ngaihdan inang lo an lo neih chuan Administrative Ministry lampang hian Union Cabinet-ah an theh lut a, anni thutlukna chu thu tawp a ni. Chumi hnu chuan, Finance Ministry chuan, sum hmanna tur chungchanga ruahmanna tawp an siam ta a. Sum hmanna tur mil hian hmuhna tur an ruahman leh a. Chhiah kaihhnawih thil a nih chuan, chhiah lam pang buaipuitute Central Board of Direct Taxes etc te nen an inrawn tlang thin. Budget an peih fel hnuah Cabinet hmaah an pharh a. Cabinet-in an pawm hnuin, Parliament-ah Budget hi pharh a ni ta thin a ni.
  2. BUDGET HMAN THEIH A NIHNA TUR A KALKAWNG: Finance Minister chuan Budget a pharh rikngawt hian a hman nghal theih ngawt lo a. Paltlang tur tam tak a la nei a ni.

Finance Minister-in a pharh a a. Chumi hnuah sawi ho a ni. Parliament in hnihah sawi ho a ni a. hemi hian ni li ni nga chu a awh a. Chumi hnuah an han chawl a. An chawlh chhungin Parliamentary standing Committee hrang hrangin ministry hrang hrang sum hman duhdante chu an han thlir lehin, an zir chiang a. An thlirna chu an ziak a. Parliament in hnihah an thlen leh a. Parliamentary Standing Committee hi 17 a awm.

Departmental Standing Committee thlirna eng atang chuan, Demand for Grants (Sum hman phalna leh hman zat tur) chungchangah Vote an thlak ta thin a. Hemi Vote thlakna hi chu Lok Sabha chanpual liau liau a ni a, Rajya Sabha chuan an ti ve thei lo a, an sawiho ringawt thei a ni. Demand tin hi sawi ho a ni a. Sum hman tur ti tlem tur pawhin member ten an phut thei a. Chu chu ‘Cut Motion’ an ti. Cut Motion hi chi thum a awm leh a. Disapproval of Policy Cut Motion, Economy Cut Motion leh Token Cut Motion te.

Demand for Grants atana vote pek hun chhung hi ni 26 a ni.

Appropriation Bill pass leh a la ngai a, sum hman phalna tihna a ni mai. President-in a hming a sign hnuin, appropriation act a lo ni thin. Hemi hnu hian Finance Bill angina a kal leh a. Chu chu an pass hnuin Budget chu hman theih a lo ni ta a ni. Appropriation Bill hi chu sum hman phalna tiin sawi ila, Finance Bill hi chu hmuhna tura hmalak phalna tiin sawi ila a fiah mai awm e.

  1. BUDGET TOBUL: Saptawng thumal hlui, ‘Bougett’ tih atanga lo kal a ni a. British Chancellor of Exchequer-in sawrkar kum thar lo awm tur atana pawisa hman tur ruahmanna a siamna lehkha khainan savun Ip a hmang thin a. Chumi sawina chu a ni a. Sum hman tur ruahmanna ziahna lehkha sawinana hman a ni chho ta a ni. 2020-21 Budget chu

CHHIAH:

1) Income Tax rate tih hniam a ni. Mizorama miten kan pek ve lem loh avangin Tarlang lo mai ila.

2) Companies ten Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) an pek angai tawh lo ang.

3) Aadhaar card hmanna tur thil an sawi leh nual bawk.

ECONOMY AND FINANCE

1) Bank deposit insurance chu ₹1 lakh atangin ₹5 lakh-ah pawisa dahtu(depositor)pakhat zel tan tihpun a ni.

2) Companies Act siam that tum a ni.

3) LIC a sawrkar chanvo thenkhat chu hralh tum a ni.

AGRICULTURE:

1) Agriculture kaihhnawiha hman turin ₹2.83 lakh crore dah hran a ni.

2) 2022 chuan lo neitute sum lakluh chu a leta tihpun hman tum a ni.

3) Tui harsa zual district 100 puihna tur ruahman a ni.

4) loneitu nuai 20 vel kawlphetha etc tur ruahman sak an ni.

5) Thingtlang khuaah Vantlang buhzem siam a ni anga. Hmeichhe self Help group ten an enkawl ang.

HEALTH LAM

1) ₹69,000 crore dah a ni.

2) Swachh Bharat agan ₹12,300 crore.

3) Khawpui thenkhatah PPP modein private hospital siam a ni ang.

EDUCATION

1) ₹99,300 crore chu education sector atan dah a ni.

2) ₹3,000 chu skill development atan.

3) online education lam hmasawnna tur ruahmana a awm.

4) National police university leh national forensic science university siam tum a ni.

INFRASTRUCTURE

Inkalpawhna tha zawk siamna turin ₹1.7 lakh crore for dah hran a ni.

National Logistics Policy pho chhuah thuai a ni ang.

Indian Railways tan ni zung chakna hmanga kawlpetha siamchhuahna lian zawk siamtum a ni.

Bengaluru suburban rail project ₹18,600 crore senna tur ruahman a ni.

national highways 12 zet chu 2024-ah chuan sum siamna atana hman tawh tum a ni.

2024-ah Airport 100 dang puitlin hman tum a ni.

KHARNA

Economist ho beisei a phalo ang reng hle niin a lang a. A thatna emaw, thatlohna emaw lam chu sawi ve vaklo ila. Indian Union Budget thleng hian kan ngaihven a, kan inzir a. Kan politik khawthlir ken tel zingah tel tir ve ila a tha awm e.

Phurthut leh kan la sawi ve leh mahna.

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